acetylate

(redirected from acetylations)
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a·cet·y·late

 (ə-sĕt′l-āt′)
tr.v. a·cet·y·lat·ed, a·cet·y·lat·ing, a·cet·y·lates
To bring an acetyl group into (an organic molecule).

a·cet′y·la′tion n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

acetylate

(əˈsɛtɪˌleɪt)
vb
1. (Chemistry) (tr) to introduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)
2. (Chemistry) (intr) (of a chemical compound) to gain or suffer substitution of an acetyl group
aˌcetyˈlation n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

a•cet•y•late

(əˈsɛt lˌeɪt)

v. -lat•ed, -lat•ing. v.t.
1. to introduce an acetyl group into (a compound).
v.i.
2. to become acetylated.
[1905–10]
a•cet`y•la′tion, n.
a•cet′y•la`tive, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

acetylate


Past participle: acetylated
Gerund: acetylating

Imperative
acetylate
acetylate
Present
I acetylate
you acetylate
he/she/it acetylates
we acetylate
you acetylate
they acetylate
Preterite
I acetylated
you acetylated
he/she/it acetylated
we acetylated
you acetylated
they acetylated
Present Continuous
I am acetylating
you are acetylating
he/she/it is acetylating
we are acetylating
you are acetylating
they are acetylating
Present Perfect
I have acetylated
you have acetylated
he/she/it has acetylated
we have acetylated
you have acetylated
they have acetylated
Past Continuous
I was acetylating
you were acetylating
he/she/it was acetylating
we were acetylating
you were acetylating
they were acetylating
Past Perfect
I had acetylated
you had acetylated
he/she/it had acetylated
we had acetylated
you had acetylated
they had acetylated
Future
I will acetylate
you will acetylate
he/she/it will acetylate
we will acetylate
you will acetylate
they will acetylate
Future Perfect
I will have acetylated
you will have acetylated
he/she/it will have acetylated
we will have acetylated
you will have acetylated
they will have acetylated
Future Continuous
I will be acetylating
you will be acetylating
he/she/it will be acetylating
we will be acetylating
you will be acetylating
they will be acetylating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been acetylating
you have been acetylating
he/she/it has been acetylating
we have been acetylating
you have been acetylating
they have been acetylating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been acetylating
you will have been acetylating
he/she/it will have been acetylating
we will have been acetylating
you will have been acetylating
they will have been acetylating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been acetylating
you had been acetylating
he/she/it had been acetylating
we had been acetylating
you had been acetylating
they had been acetylating
Conditional
I would acetylate
you would acetylate
he/she/it would acetylate
we would acetylate
you would acetylate
they would acetylate
Past Conditional
I would have acetylated
you would have acetylated
he/she/it would have acetylated
we would have acetylated
you would have acetylated
they would have acetylated
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.acetylate - receive substitution of an acetyl groupacetylate - receive substitution of an acetyl group; "the compounds acetylated"
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
2.acetylate - introduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)acetylate - introduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Enzyme-mediated acetylations and methylations occurring on histones do not constitute the only possible PTMs taking place on histones.
The main epigenetic mechanisms that in mammalian cells contribute to the regulation of gene expression include DNA methylation, histone post-translational modifications (such as methylation, acetylation, phosphorylation), and ubiquitination (21).
Histone acetylation is a reversible and dynamic epigenetic mechanism determined by the balance between histone acetyl-transferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs).
Rosenfeld et al., "Combinatorial patterns Of histone acetylations and methylations in the human genome," Nature Genetics, vol.
Recently, a genome-wide analysis proved that combinatorial patterns of histone acetylation and methylation cooperatively regulate the chromatin state in humans [35].
Histone modifications, which include methylation, acetylation, ubiquitination, phosphorylation, and sumoylation, are classified as transcriptionally active or repressive markers [36-41] (Figure 2(a)).
Recent studies have suggested that around 6 or 7 per cent of genes change their expression in response to shock, via the removal of "epigenetic", chemical additions to the genome called acetylations.
As histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors can prevent the removal of such acetylations, Alam wondered if these drugs might improve survival after blood loss.
Because the presence of acetylations appeared to alter the digestion pattern to a small degree, only peptides observed in both the control and acetylated trials were thoroughly investigated.
Presented here is a modification of previously reported lysine acetylation protocols.
Histone modifications mostly occur in the exposed histone amino-terminal tails such as lysine acetylation (Kac), lysine methylation (Kme), and ubiquitination, as well as threonine and serine phosphorylation and arginine methylation [47].
Histone acetylation, the acetylation of the N-terminal tails of H3K and H4K, is a reversible dynamic process [49].