are unicellular achlorophyllous
algae that reproduce asexually (SUDMAN & KAPLAN, 1973), and are widely distributed in the environment, especially in the presence of water and organic matter (PORE et al., 1983).
In general, the bundle sheath extensions are composed of large achlorophyllous
cells, with large vacuoles (Figs.
The habit of these species is very peculiar because of their adaptations to the parasitic lifestyle, including greatly reduced, achlorophyllous
, vegetative organs, and colorful dense inflorescences with zygomorphic flowers on fleshy stems (Piwowarczyk et al.
This mycoheterotrophic, nonphotosynthetic, achlorophyllous
plant acquires carbon from the roots of autotrophic trees through monotropoid mycorrhizal symbiosis [2, 3].
Mycorrhiza-like interaction between the achlorophyllous
gametophyte of Lycopodium clavatum L.
are ubiquitous, saprophytic achlorophyllous
algae that cause opportunistic infections in both small animals and disseminated disease actually in the immunocompromised ones .
venusta were characterized macroscopically by achlorophyllous
halos with approximately 0.80 + 0.11 mm in diameter, randomly distributed throughout the leaf blade (Figures 1a and b).
Communities and populations of sebacinoid basidiomicetes associated with the achlorophyllous
orchid Neottia nidusavis (L.) L.C.M.
Phylogeny and ecology of mycotrophic achlorophyllous
Martell and Macauley (1981) found arthropods were the most common item and nuts/seeds, fruits, and fungi were less common with green plant matter and achlorophyllous
plant matter present in miniscule amounts in stomach contents of 712 P.
Morphological and molecular analyses of fungal endophytes of achlorophyllous
gametophytes of Diphasiastrum alpinum (Lycopodiaceae).