acidosis


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ac·i·do·sis

 (ăs′ĭ-dō′sĭs)
n.
1. Abnormally high acidity of the blood and body tissues caused by a deficiency of bicarbonates or an excess of acids other than carbonic acid. It can result from any of various acute or chronic disorders or from the ingestion of certain drugs and toxins. Also called metabolic acidosis.
2. Abnormally high acidity of the blood and body tissues caused by an excess of carbon dioxide due to hypoventilation. Also called respiratory acidosis.

ac′i·dot′ic (-dŏt′ĭk) adj.

acidosis

(ˌæsɪˈdəʊsɪs)
n
(Pathology) a condition characterized by an abnormal increase in the acidity of the blood and extracellular fluids
acidotic adj

ac•i•do•sis

(ˌæs ɪˈdoʊ sɪs)

n.
a blood condition in which the bicarbonate concentration is below normal.
[1900]
ac`i•dot′ic (-ˈdɒt ɪk) adj.

acidosis

Medicine. a condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal. Also called acid intoxication, autointoxication.acidotic, adj.
See also: Blood and Blood Vessels
a condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal. Also called acid intoxication, autointoxication. — acidotic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissuesacidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
diabetic acidosis, ketoacidosis - acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
metabolic acidosis - acidosis and bicarbonate concentration in the body fluids resulting either from the accumulation of acids or the abnormal loss of bases from the body (as in diarrhea or renal disease)
carbon dioxide acidosis, respiratory acidosis - acidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs (as in emphysema or pneumonia); excess carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which increases the acidity of the blood
starvation acidosis - acidosis in which the acidity results from lack of food which leads to fat catabolism which in turn releases acidic ketone bodies
pathology - any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
Translations
AcidosisAzidose
asidoosihappomyrkytys
acidosis
アシドーシス酸性症
산성증
acidosis

ac·i·do·sis

n. acidosis, exceso de acidez en la sangre y los tejidos del cuerpo;
diabetic ______ diabética;
metabolic ______ metabólica.
References in periodicals archive ?
Initial investigations showed normal blood biochemistry except for high anion gap metabolic acidosis having pH of 7.1.
Sub acute ruminal acidosis (SARA) is major metabolic disorder that mainly occurs in intensively reared dairy herds during different stages of pregnancy and lactation.
M2 PHARMA-April 1, 2019-Tricida Touts Positive Results from Long-Term Clinical Trial of TRC101 in Patients With CKD and Metabolic Acidosis
What is the most likely cause of this patient's acidosis?
Feed sorting indicates that cows get different diets as often showed in varying manure consistency, rumen acidosis and inconsistent feed intake from one animal to another.
Variations in diet lead to changes in the metabolism and composition of rumen microbiota, and can cause degenerative and inflammatory lesions in the mucosal epithelium, as is classically observed in ruminal acidosis due to fermentable carbohydrates overload, or ruminal lactic acidosis (PACHECO & CRUZ, 2015; UZAL et al., 2016).
"TRC101 holds the promise of potentially slowing the progression of CKD through the treatment of metabolic acidosis, a condition that affects approximately three million CKD patients in the United States.
The occurrence of metabolic acidosis during pregnancy necessitates prompt evaluation and intervention taking into account the potential risks of poor maternal and/or fetal outcomes.
WEDNESDAY, July 11, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Metformin use is associated with an increased risk of acidosis at estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30mL/min/1.73 m[sup.2], according to a study published in the July issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.
Lactate dehydrogenase that converts lactate into pyruvate requires NAD as a cofactor, and decreased levels of NAD levels lead to lactate accumulation and acidosis, which further leads to lactic acidosis accompanied with convulsions in the patient (3).
According to research, if injected into a person, it causes red blood cells to rupture, and leads to a condition called acidosis, in which a person has too much acid in the blood.