sprain

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sprain

 (sprān)
n.
1. A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
2. The condition resulting from a sprain.
tr.v. sprained, sprain·ing, sprains
To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).

[Origin unknown.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

sprain

(spreɪn)
vb
(Medicine) (tr) to injure (a joint) by a sudden twisting or wrenching of its ligaments
n
(Pathology) the resulting injury to such a joint, characterized by swelling and temporary disability
[C17: of uncertain origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

sprain

(spreɪn)

v.t.
1. to overstrain or wrench (the ligaments around a joint) so as to injure without fracture or dislocation.
n.
2. a wrenching injury to ligaments around a joint.
3. the condition of being sprained.
[1595–1605; orig. uncertain]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

sprain


Past participle: sprained
Gerund: spraining

Imperative
sprain
sprain
Present
I sprain
you sprain
he/she/it sprains
we sprain
you sprain
they sprain
Preterite
I sprained
you sprained
he/she/it sprained
we sprained
you sprained
they sprained
Present Continuous
I am spraining
you are spraining
he/she/it is spraining
we are spraining
you are spraining
they are spraining
Present Perfect
I have sprained
you have sprained
he/she/it has sprained
we have sprained
you have sprained
they have sprained
Past Continuous
I was spraining
you were spraining
he/she/it was spraining
we were spraining
you were spraining
they were spraining
Past Perfect
I had sprained
you had sprained
he/she/it had sprained
we had sprained
you had sprained
they had sprained
Future
I will sprain
you will sprain
he/she/it will sprain
we will sprain
you will sprain
they will sprain
Future Perfect
I will have sprained
you will have sprained
he/she/it will have sprained
we will have sprained
you will have sprained
they will have sprained
Future Continuous
I will be spraining
you will be spraining
he/she/it will be spraining
we will be spraining
you will be spraining
they will be spraining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been spraining
you have been spraining
he/she/it has been spraining
we have been spraining
you have been spraining
they have been spraining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been spraining
you will have been spraining
he/she/it will have been spraining
we will have been spraining
you will have been spraining
they will have been spraining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been spraining
you had been spraining
he/she/it had been spraining
we had been spraining
you had been spraining
they had been spraining
Conditional
I would sprain
you would sprain
he/she/it would sprain
we would sprain
you would sprain
they would sprain
Past Conditional
I would have sprained
you would have sprained
he/she/it would have sprained
we would have sprained
you would have sprained
they would have sprained
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011

sprain

An injury in which the ligaments reinforcing a joint are stretched or torn.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sprain - a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligamentssprain - a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
wrench, pull, twist - a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments; "the wrench to his knee occurred as he fell"; "he was sidelined with a hamstring pull"
Verb1.sprain - twist suddenly so as to sprainsprain - twist suddenly so as to sprain; "wrench one's ankle"; "The wrestler twisted his shoulder"; "the hikers sprained their ankles when they fell"; "I turned my ankle and couldn't walk for several days"
injure - cause injuries or bodily harm to
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

sprain

verb twist, turn, wrench, dislocate, pull, rick He fell and sprained his ankle.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

sprain

verb
To injure a (bodily part) by twisting:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
إِلتِواءُ الـمِفْصَلمَلْغ، إلتِواءيَلْتَوي المفصَل او الكاحِل، يَمْلَغيَلْوِي الـمِفْصَل
vymknoutvymknutívýronvyvrtnoutvyvrtnutí
forstrækkeforstrækningforstuveforstuvning
nyrjähdysnyrjäyttää
uganućeuganuti
tognatognun
くじく捻挫
삐다접질림
izmežģījumsizmežģīt
vyvrtnutie
zviniti
stukastukning
ทำให้เคล็ดอาการเคล็ด
làm bong gânsự bong gân

sprain

[spreɪn]
A. Ntorcedura f
B. VTtorcer
to sprain one's wrist/ankletorcerse la muñeca/el tobillo
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

sprain

[ˈspreɪn]
nentorse f, foulure f
It's just a sprain → C'est juste une entorse.
vt
to sprain one's ankle → se faire une entorse à la cheville, se fouler la cheville
to sprain one's wrist → se faire une entorse au poignet, se fouler le poignet
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

sprain

nVerstauchung f
vtverstauchen; to sprain one’s wrist/anklesich (dat)das Handgelenk/den Fuß verstauchen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

sprain

[spreɪn]
1. nslogatura, storta, distorsione f; (of muscle) → strappo muscolare
2. vt (muscle) → stirarsi
to sprain one's wrist/ankle → slogarsi un polso/una caviglia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

sprain

(sprein) verb
to twist (a joint, especially the ankle or wrist) in such a way as to tear or stretch the ligaments. She sprained her ankle yesterday.
noun
a twisting of a joint in this way.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

sprain

إِلتِواءُ الـمِفْصَل, يَلْوِي الـمِفْصَل vymknout, vymknutí forstrække, forstrækning verstauchen, Verstauchung διάστρεμμα, στραμπουλίζω esguince, hacerse un esguince, torcerse nyrjähdys, nyrjäyttää foulure, se fouler uganuće, uganuti slogare, slogatura くじく, 捻挫 삐다, 접질림 verstuiken, verstuiking forstue, forstuing zwichnąć, zwichnięcie distensão, torcer растяжение связок, растянуть связки stuka, stukning ทำให้เคล็ด, อาการเคล็ด burkmak, burkulma làm bong gân, sự bong gân 扭伤
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

sprain

n. torcedura, esguince, torsión de una articulación con distensión y laceración parcial de los ligamentos;
v. torcer; torcerse;
to ___ one's ankle___ el tobillo.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

sprain

n esguince m (form), torcedura; vt torcerse; Did you sprain your ankle? ..¿Se torció el tobillo?
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are multiple degrees of acromioclavicular sprains, ranging from first degree--tenderness over the joint--to sixth degree with severe tenderness, swelling, and deformity, Dr.
* Acromioclavicular sprains. These injuries most often occur with a fall on an outstretched hand or a direct blow to the joint just above or to the side of the shoulder.
There are multiple degrees of acromioclavicular sprains, ranging from first degree --tenderness over the joint--to sixth degree with severe tenderness, swelling, and deformity, Dr.