acrylonitrile


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ac·ry·lo·ni·trile

 (ăk′rə-lō-nī′trəl, -trēl, -trīl)
n.
A colorless, liquid organic compound, C3H3N, used in the manufacture of acrylic rubber and fibers.

acrylonitrile

(ˌækrɪləʊˈnaɪtraɪl)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a colourless liquid that is miscible with water and has toxic fumes: used in the manufacture of acrylic fibres and resins, rubber, and thermoplastics. Formula: CH2:CHCN. Also called: vinylcyanide
[C20: from acrylic + nitrile]

ac•ry•lo•ni•trile

(ˌæk rə loʊˈnaɪ trɪl, -tril, -traɪl)

n.
a colorless, flammable, poisonous, carcinogenic liquid, C3H3N, used for the production of polymers and copolymers, as rubbers, fibers, and clear plastics for beverage containers.
[1890–95; acryl(ic) + -o- + nitrile]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acrylonitrile - a colorless liquid unsaturated nitrile made from propeneacrylonitrile - a colorless liquid unsaturated nitrile made from propene
cyanide, nitril, nitrile - any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
Translations

acrylonitrile

[ˌækrɪləʊˈnaɪtraɪl] Nacrilonitrilo m
References in periodicals archive ?
Realizing a high strength possessed by acrylonitrile gels, high elasticity in PVA based materials and the increasing demand of new materials in terms of improved toughness, strength etc the proposed research work aims at synthesizing a semi-IPN, comprising of PVA and PAN, by redox polymerization in the presence of N,A'-methylene-bri-acrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinking agent.
ABS and Acrylic Fibers Prime Market for Acrylonitrile
At Southern Research we have developed an innovative, elegant process concept, which utilizes biomass derived sugars from any source, allowing for the use of a variety of biomass feedstocks, to produce acrylonitrile.
In 2011 acrylic fibers accounted for only 38% of total acrylonitrile consumption, down from 43% in 2007 and nearly 48% in 2004.
The project awarded to TR includes units for chemical storage, polybutadiene latex (PBL), high rubber graft (HRG) and styrene acrylonitrile (SAN).
Sabic had announced last year that it would launch a joint venture firm, Saudi Japanese Acrylonitrile Co (Shrouq) with Japan's Asahi Kasei Chemicals and Mitsubishi Corp to build a plant to produce acrylonitrile and sodium cyanide at one of the Sabic affiliates' sites in Jubail, with a final investment decision due in 2012.
The impact resistance can be amplified by increasing the proportions of polybutadiene in relation to styrene and also acrylonitrile, although this causes changes in other properties.
Acrylonitrile is made into acrylic fibres which are highly durable and are therefore a popular substitute or companion for cotton and wool in clothing, carpeting and other fabrics.
He also noted that "AN and NaCN are very important chemicals for downstream diversification into Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS), Carbon Fiber, Acrylic Fiber, Acrylamide and others which serve various industries such as automotive, construction, water treatment, oil recovery, personal care, consumer goods, pharmaceuticals, electronics, gold mining and many others.
The investigated application areas include polypropylene, acrylonitrile, propylene oxide, cumene, isopropanol, acrylic acid, 2-ethylhexanol, and n-butanol.
At closing, the companies will also execute long-term supply agreements for acrylonitrile and melamine at market pricing.
Acrylonitrile potentiates hearing loss and cochlear damage induced by moderate noise exposure in rats.