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 (ăk′rə-lō-nī′trəl, -trēl, -trīl)
A colorless, liquid organic compound, C3H3N, used in the manufacture of acrylic rubber and fibers.


(Elements & Compounds) a colourless liquid that is miscible with water and has toxic fumes: used in the manufacture of acrylic fibres and resins, rubber, and thermoplastics. Formula: CH2:CHCN. Also called: vinylcyanide
[C20: from acrylic + nitrile]


(ˌæk rə loʊˈnaɪ trɪl, -tril, -traɪl)

a colorless, flammable, poisonous, carcinogenic liquid, C3H3N, used for the production of polymers and copolymers, as rubbers, fibers, and clear plastics for beverage containers.
[1890–95; acryl(ic) + -o- + nitrile]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acrylonitrile - a colorless liquid unsaturated nitrile made from propeneacrylonitrile - a colorless liquid unsaturated nitrile made from propene
cyanide, nitril, nitrile - any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN


[ˌækrɪləʊˈnaɪtraɪl] Nacrilonitrilo m
References in periodicals archive ?
Acrylonitrile industry supply scenario in Canada from 2005 to 2019, comprising plant capacity growth and installed plant capacity by production process and technology
The acrylonitrile effluent has a very complex composition, consisting not only of acrylonitrile, acetonitrile and hydrocyanic acid, but also of acrylamide, acrylic acid, and acrolein [4].
Acrylonitrile industry market dynamics in Spain from 2005 to 2019, consisting of market size, demand and production outlook, demand by end-use sector, and average prices
Realizing a high strength possessed by acrylonitrile gels, high elasticity in PVA based materials and the increasing demand of new materials in terms of improved toughness, strength etc the proposed research work aims at synthesizing a semi-IPN, comprising of PVA and PAN, by redox polymerization in the presence of N,A'-methylene-bri-acrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinking agent.
ABS and Acrylic Fibers Prime Market for Acrylonitrile
The project awarded to TR includes units for chemical storage, polybutadiene latex (PBL), high rubber graft (HRG) and styrene acrylonitrile (SAN).
Sabic had announced last year that it would launch a joint venture firm, Saudi Japanese Acrylonitrile Co (Shrouq) with Japan's Asahi Kasei Chemicals and Mitsubishi Corp to build a plant to produce acrylonitrile and sodium cyanide at one of the Sabic affiliates' sites in Jubail, with a final investment decision due in 2012.
The impact resistance can be amplified by increasing the proportions of polybutadiene in relation to styrene and also acrylonitrile, although this causes changes in other properties.
Acrylonitrile is made into acrylic fibres which are highly durable and are therefore a popular substitute or companion for cotton and wool in clothing, carpeting and other fabrics.
He also noted that "AN and NaCN are very important chemicals for downstream diversification into Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS), Carbon Fiber, Acrylic Fiber, Acrylamide and others which serve various industries such as automotive, construction, water treatment, oil recovery, personal care, consumer goods, pharmaceuticals, electronics, gold mining and many others.
The investigated application areas include polypropylene, acrylonitrile, propylene oxide, cumene, isopropanol, acrylic acid, 2-ethylhexanol, and n-butanol.