acute renal failure


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Related to acute renal failure: chronic renal failure
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acute renal failure - renal failure associated with burns or other trauma or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tractacute renal failure - renal failure associated with burns or other trauma or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tract
kidney failure, renal failure - inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers typically define acute kidney injury, sometimes called acute renal failure, as a rapid drop in kidney function coupled with increased creatinine or dropping urine output.
Acute renal failure in malaria is usually oliguric (<400 ml/day) or anuric (<50 ml/day) but urine output may be normal or increased.
aPTT: Activated partial thromboplastin time ARF: Acute renal failure BUN: Blood urea nitrogen CRRT: Continuous renal replacement therapy CVVHD: Continuous venovenous haemodialysis CVVHDF: Continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration HIT: Heparin induced thrombocytopenia ICU: Intensive care unit RRT: Renal replacement therapy SAPS II: Simplified acute physiology score II SOFA: Sequential organ failure assessment U: Unit.
Zuk, "Ischemic acute renal failure: an inflammatory disease?" Kidney International, vol.
He had also high serum creatinine (3.1mg/dL) compatible with acute renal failure. With the treatment of intramuscular betamethasone depot, serum creatinine levels decreased to 2.4 mg/dl.
"I was told I had acute renal failure and my kidney function had started to shut down."
Acute renal failure is a sudden, sharp decline in renal function caused by toxins or conditions resulting in tissue hypoxia.
Ceftriaxone, an antiobiotic, has been reported to cause biliary pseudolithiasis and nephrolithiasis, but postrenal acute renal failure was rarely reported in the past.
Although acute renal failure sometimes stems from blockages that interfere with the flow of blood to the kidneys or the flow of urine from them, the most common cause is the ingestion of substances that are toxic to the kidneys, such as pesticides, antifreeze, cleaning fluids, and some medications developed for use by humans, such as ibuprofen.
After adjusting their results for various differing characteristics such as age, disease, and other medications, the researchers found that pre-operative aspirin was associated with a significant decrease in the incidence of post-operative kidney failure: acute renal failure occurred in 86 out of 2247 patients taking aspirin, and in 65 out of 972 patients not taking it.

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