acyl

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ac·yl

 (ăs′əl)
n. Chemistry
An organic group having the general formula RCO-, derived from an organic acid.

[ac(id) + -yl.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

acyl

(ˈeɪsaɪl)
n
1. (Chemistry) (modifier) of, denoting, or containing the monovalent group of atoms RCO-, where R is an organic group: acyl group or radical; acyl substitution.
2. (Elements & Compounds) an organometallic compound in which a metal atom is directly bound to an acyl group
[C20: from acid + -yl]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ac•yl

(ˈæs ɪl, -il)

n.
the univalent group RCO–, where R is any organic group attached to one bond of the carbonyl group.
[1895–1900; < German]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acyl - any group or radical of the form RCO- where R is an organic group; "an example of the acyl group is the acetyl group"
acetyl, acetyl group, acetyl radical, ethanoyl group, ethanoyl radical - the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)
chemical group, radical, group - (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule
foryml - (chemistry) the negative univalent acyl radical CHO that occurs in aldehydes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
acyl
References in periodicals archive ?
The pradigastat, which is an inhibitor of acyl coA: diacylglycerol acyl transferase (DGAT1), is a well-characterized molecule that has progressed to Phase 3 clinical testing.
LDHA, lactate dehydrogenase A; LDHB, lactate dehydrogenase B; PDHA1, pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) alpha 1; DLAT, dihydrolipoamide S-cetyltransferase; DLD, dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase; GK, glycerol kinase; GPD1, glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1; GPD2, glycerol -3-phosphate dehydrogenase 2; ACSS3, acyl CoA synthetase short chain family member 3; PCCA, propionyl CoA carboxylase alpha; PCCB, propionyl CoA carboxylase beta; MCEE, methylmalonyl CoA epimerase; MUT, methylmalonyl CoA mutase.
Zheng et al., "Identification of a gene encoding an acyl CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase, a key enzyme in triacylglycerol synthesis," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
It has been suggested that both tangerine peel extract and a mixture of two citrus flavonoids, naringin and hesperidin, reduce cholesterol levels by modulating the activities of HMG-CoA reductase and acyl CoA:cholesterol O-acyltransferase (ACAT) (Bok et al.
Fatty acid anion results from the hydrolysis of accumulated fatty acyl CoA by mitochondrial acyl-CoA thioesterase-1 (MTE-1) to liberate free CoA required for continued fatty acid oxidation.
The mouse peroxisome proliferator activated receptor recognizes a response element in the 5' flanking sequence of the rat acyl CoA oxidase gene.
The Mandrup and Faergeman groups work with so-called knock-out mice, which lacks a specific fat binding protein called acyl CoA binding protein.