adaptive immunity


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adaptive immunity

n.
Immunity involving the adaptive immune system.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are two types of immune systems: 'innate immunity' that attacks cancer cells non-specifically in the early stage, and 'adaptive immunity' that attacks cancer cells in an antigen-specific manner.
We found problems in both innate and adaptive immunity. It may be that the main explanation for recurrent AOM in the first years of life is PNIP.
Image Credit: Pediatrician makes vaccination to small boy Image Credit: Getty Images/iStockphoto Image Credit: Hepatitis B Vaccine - administration of antigenic material (vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.
However, shrimp lack adaptive immunity, which makes vaccination ineffective, therefore, it is important to find new alternatives to prevent or treat infectious diseases affecting shrimp.
The researchers of the study stated that breast milk is rich in antibodies, which provide an adaptive immunity in the intestinal tract of the newborn.
In preclinical studies, ALX148 bridges innate and adaptive immunity to maximize anti-tumor response in combinations with targeted anti-cancer antibodies and checkpoint inhibitors via Fc-dependent and Fc-independent mechanisms.
The cell-mediated component of adaptive immunity requires antigens from the pathogen to be presented to receptors expressed on the surface of T cells, in combination with signals to activate the cell.
AHR and kynurenine are associated with immunosuppression in a range of tumor types through multiple cellular metabolic mechanisms that modulate both innate and adaptive immunity. These attributes make them compelling targets for investigative therapies, in particular in patients who do not fully benefit from current treatments like checkpoint inhibitors.
Protein degradation/deterioration in eukaryotic cells is exercised by the Ubiquitin-Proteasome System (UPS) as well as it involves several significant biological processes, such as cell differentiation, division, regulation of gene expression, innate immunity, adaptive immunity, and response to proteotoxic pressure.
T cells are targeted killers that are part of the body's adaptive immunity. If any infections go undetected by the natural killer cells, T cells are the "big guns" that step in and eliminate the infected cells.
Adaptive immunity is slower to respond to specific abnormal cells or microbes.
The topics include emerging and re-emerging enterically transmitted hepatitis viruses, Hepatitis A virus codon usage: implications for translation kinetics and capsid folding, nonhuman primate models of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis E infections, the transmission and epidemiology of Hepatitis E virus genotype three and four infections, innate and adaptive immunity, and immunization.
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