adenylic acid

(redirected from adenine nucleotide)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to adenine nucleotide: thymine nucleotide

ad·e·nyl·ic acid

See AMP.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

adenylic acid

(Biochemistry) a nucleotide consisting of adenine, ribose or deoxyribose, and a phosphate group. It is a constituent of DNA or RNA. Also called: adenosine monophosphate
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014






1. an amplifier.
v.i., v.t.
2. to amplify.


adenosine monophosphate: a nucleotide composed of adenine, ribose, and one phosphate group, formed by the partial breakdown of adenosine triphosphate, usu. at an end point in the metabolic pathway; adenylic acid. Compare ADP, ATP.


1. amperage.
2. ampere.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adenylic acid - a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
nucleotide, base - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
While adenylate kinase catalyses the conversion of some ADP to AMP to meet short term energy needs of the brain, in ischemic tissue, the adenine nucleotide pool is depleted by the conversion of AMP to inosine and hypoxanthine.
In fact, more studies should be conducted to better understand the changes in metabolism and maintenance of adenine nucleotide and nucleoside levels in degenerative diseases.
Significant differences concern only the TSS site which, in case of different species, is different nucleotide-guanine nucleotide in the American mink, cytosine nucleotide in mouse and hamster, adenine nucleotide in rat (Barta et al., 1981; Southard et al., 1991; Das et al., 1996).
Results: Mutation analysis revealed a novel homozygous insertion of a single adenine nucleotide at position 335 in exon 3 of the PAH gene.
Magnesium Green has been used in non-imaging studies to determine the ATP-ADP exchange rate through the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide transporter in isolated mitochondria (Chinopoulos et al., 2009) and permeabilized cells (Kawamata et al., 2010).
Mitochondrial [Ca.sup.2+] could activate three dehydrogenases of the TCA cycle (pyruvate dehydrogenase, isocitrate dehydrogenase, and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase), the ATP synthase (complex V), and the adenine nucleotide translocase and then increase the generation of ROS [106-108].
Although the exact molecular components of MPTP are ill defined, they are believed to include a number of normal mitochondrial membrane proteins, including adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT)--the complex responsible for the exchange of ATP produced in the matrix of mitochondria during oxidative phosphorylation for ADP in the cytosol.
The branch site is a very short sequence including an adenine nucleotide. The polypyrimidine tract is a ~15-nucleotide sequence with a rich content of Cs and Ts.
L-carnitine is capable of reversing the inhibition of adenine nucleotide translocase and thus can restore the fatty acid oxidation mechanism which constitutes the main energy source for the myocardium.
Pochmann et al., "Hypothyroidism changes adenine nucleotide hydrolysis in synaptosomes from hippocampus and cerebral cortex of rats in different phases of development," International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, vol.