adenosine diphosphate


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Related to adenosine diphosphate: adenosine monophosphate

adenosine diphosphate

n.
ADP.

adenosine diphosphate

n
(Chemistry) the full name of ADP

ADP

1. adenosine diphosphate: a nucleotide that functions in the transfer of energy during the catabolism of glucose, formed by the removal of a phosphate from adenosine triphosphate and composed of adenine, ribose, and two phosphate groups. Compare ATP.
2. automatic data processing.
[1940–45]

adenosine di·phos·phate

(dī-fŏs′fāt′)
See ADP.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adenosine diphosphate - an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
nucleotide, base - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
References in periodicals archive ?
Platelet Function Analyzer 100 (PFA-100) closure times using the collagen/ adenosine diphosphate (COL/ADP) cartridge.
40 [micro]l of adenosine diphosphate (ADP, 50 [micro]mol/L) and arachidonic acid (AA, 2mg/ml) were separately trickled into the blood sample after the second detecting time.
The US Food and Drug Administration has granted Orphan Drug Designation to United States-based AbbVie's veliparib, an oral poly (adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, it was reported yesterday.
(1979) Structure of poly(adenosine diphosphate ribose): Identification of 2'-[1"-ribosyl-2 "-(or 3"-)(1'"-ribosyl)adenosine 5',5",5'"-tris(phosphate) as a branch linkage.
After electrophoresis, the gels were sliced and then covered with a 0.75% agar solution at 45 [degrees]C made in 0.1 M tris buffer pH=8 containing glucose 10 mM, magnesium chloride 20 mM., adenosine diphosphate (ADP) 1 mM, nicotinammide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) 0.4 mM, phenazine methosulphate (PMS) 0.012%, tetrazolium salt (MTT) 0.012%, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) 0.04 units/ml and hexokinase 0.08 units/ml.
Aggregation tests induced by collagen, thrombin receptor-activating peptide 6, adenosine diphosphate, and arachidonic acid were performed in duplicate.
The oral antiplatelet agents used in conjunction with aspirin for the prevention of cardiovascular thrombotic events in patients with ACS are the adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor antagonists.
Abbreviations ACh: Acetylcholine ADA: Adenosine deaminase ADO: Adenosine ADP: Adenosine diphosphate AMP: Adenosine monophosphate ATP: Adenosine triphosphate CNS: Central nervous system DSS: Dextran sodium sulphate E-NTPDase: Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase E-NPP: Ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatases/phosphodiesterases EFS: Electrical field stimulation ENS: Enteric nervous system GI: Gastrointestinal GPI: Glycosylphosphatidylinositol HPLC: High performance liquid chromatography HX: Hypoxanthine IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease ICC's: Interstitial cells of Cajal INO: Inosine LM-MP: Longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus Min: Minutes PBS: Phosphate saline buffer PLP: Periodate-lysine-paraformaldehyde TTX: Tetrodotoxin TNBS: 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid.
Two such nutrients are riboflavin (a component of flavin adenine dinucleotide [FAD], a coenzyme involved in the electron-transport chain) and magnesium (which is essential for the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate [ATP] from adenosine diphosphate [ADP]).

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