adenosine monophosphate


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Related to adenosine monophosphate: guanosine monophosphate, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate

adenosine mon·o·phos·phate

 (mŏn′ō-fŏs′fāt′)
n.
1. AMP.
2. Cyclic AMP.

adenosine monophosphate

(ˌmɒnəʊˈfɒsfeɪt)
n
(Biochemistry) another term for adenylic acidAbbreviation: AMP

amp1

(æmp)

n.
ampere.
[1885–90]

amp2

(æmp)

n.
1. an amplifier.
v.i., v.t.
2. to amplify.
[1960–65]

AMP

adenosine monophosphate: a nucleotide composed of adenine, ribose, and one phosphate group, formed by the partial breakdown of adenosine triphosphate, usu. at an end point in the metabolic pathway; adenylic acid. Compare ADP, ATP.
[1950–55]

amp.

1. amperage.
2. ampere.

adenosine mon·o·phos·phate

(mŏn′ō-fŏs′fāt′)
See AMP.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adenosine monophosphate - a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
nucleotide, base - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
References in periodicals archive ?
AMPK is a critical kinase in times of energy depletion when adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels decline and adenosine monophosphate (AMP) levels increase.
It is rapidly transported back into cells and degraded into inosine or phosphorylated back to adenosine monophosphate (AMP) by adenosine deaminase and adenosine kinase, respectively [1].
Comparison of the metabolic profiles of human adenomatous polyp (N = 61) and colorectal cancer (CRC) (N = 57) tissue found statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) in their composition of adenosine monophosphate (AMP), adenine, 5'-methythioadenosine, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, prostaglandin E2, threonine, and glutamine.
It is a vital constituent of bone and cell membranes and of molecules such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP); it is essential for energy storage and metabolism and it is important for cell signalling and enzyme activation.
The possible mechanism by which insulin sensitivity can be improved by exercises is that active muscle contraction causes membrane depolarization that increased cytoplasmic calcium concentration and causes activation of 52--adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase that causes translocation of glucose transporter protein-4 (GLUT-4) to the plasma membrane (29) or changing the energy state of the cell as a result of high intracellular ratio of adenosine monophosphate to adenosine triphosphate (30).
Inhibition of PDE-5 causes increased concentration of cGMP and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) (Bella et al., 2007).
Western-blots were performed to measure the protein expression of the adiponectin-related proteins adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1), peroxisome proliferatoractivated receptor alpha (PPAR[alpha]), adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) and phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (P-AMPK), using glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) as internal reference.
Experiments with cultured human cells also showed that caffeine competitively bound to adenosine receptors, which disrupted signaling of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), a key part of the circadian clock, the researchers said.
Otezla is an oral small-molecule inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) specific for cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP).
Bauer, "Microparticles from pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells contain cyclic adenosine monophosphate," Am.

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