adenosine monophosphate


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Related to adenosine monophosphate: guanosine monophosphate, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate

adenosine mon·o·phos·phate

 (mŏn′ō-fŏs′fāt′)
n.
1. AMP.
2. Cyclic AMP.

adenosine monophosphate

(ˌmɒnəʊˈfɒsfeɪt)
n
(Biochemistry) another term for adenylic acidAbbreviation: AMP

amp1

(æmp)

n.
ampere.
[1885–90]

amp2

(æmp)

n.
1. an amplifier.
v.i., v.t.
2. to amplify.
[1960–65]

AMP

adenosine monophosphate: a nucleotide composed of adenine, ribose, and one phosphate group, formed by the partial breakdown of adenosine triphosphate, usu. at an end point in the metabolic pathway; adenylic acid. Compare ADP, ATP.
[1950–55]

amp.

1. amperage.
2. ampere.

adenosine mon·o·phos·phate

(mŏn′ō-fŏs′fāt′)
See AMP.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adenosine monophosphate - a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
nucleotide, base - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
References in periodicals archive ?
Cyclic AMP--cyclic adenosine monophosphate is an important second messenger in intracellular signaling cascades.
exercise group; GAPDH, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; AdipoRl, adiponectin receptor 1; PPAR[alpha], peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha; AMPK, adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase; PAMPK, phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase.
Bauer, "Microparticles from pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells contain cyclic adenosine monophosphate," Am.
OTEZLA (apremilast) is an oral, small-molecule inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) specific for cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP).
Royal jelly has been found to promote neurogenesis of neural stem cells in vitro, and contains adenosine monophosphate N1-oxide, which facilitates astrogenesis.
Forskolin activates an enzyme called adenylate cyclase, the main enzyme involved in the production of a significant metabolic molecule called adenosine monophosphate (AMP), which is responsible for enhancing essential lean mass-building hormones at the expense of non-essential body fat.
A team including researchers from McGill University, Concordia University and the Canadian Light Source (CLS) synchrotron have used crystallography to confirm a 50-year-old hypothesis: chains of the nucleotide adenosine monophosphate (AMP) can form a double helix structure.
The former leads to an increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate and the latter to hyperpolarization, both of which result in relaxation.
AMP/ATP ratio: Ratio of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the cell; ATP supplies the energy needed for many biochemical reactions; therefore, the AMP/ATP ratio reflects the cell's energy level.
Also used were commercial Morton[R] salt; KCl; a combination of KCl and adenosine monophosphate (AMP); and their prototype, which contained KCl, AMP and arginine.
But PAP, which produces adenosine by breaking down adenosine monophosphate, or AMP, lasts a long time and can continue churning out adenosine as long as it has a supply of AMP.

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