adiabatic


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ad·i·a·bat·ic

 (ăd′ē-ə-băt′ĭk, ā′dī-ə-)
adj.
Of, relating to, or being a reversible thermodynamic process that occurs without gain or loss of heat and without a change in entropy.

[From Greek adiabatos, impassable : a-, not; see a-1 + diabatos, passable (dia-, dia- + batos, passable, from bainein, to go; see gwā- in Indo-European roots).]

ad′i·a·bat′i·cal·ly adv.

adiabatic

(ˌædɪəˈbætɪk; ˌeɪ-)
adj
(General Physics) (of a thermodynamic process) taking place without loss or gain of heat
n
(General Physics) a curve or surface on a graph representing the changes in two or more characteristics (such as pressure and volume) of a system undergoing an adiabatic process
[C19: from Greek adiabatos not to be crossed, impassable (to heat), from a-1 + diabatos passable, from dia- across + bainein to go]

ad•i•a•bat•ic

(ˌæd i əˈbæt ɪk, ˌeɪ daɪ ə-)

adj.
occurring without gain or loss of heat: an adiabatic process.
[1875–80; < Greek adiábat(os) incapable of being crossed]
ad`i•a•bat′i•cal•ly, adv.

ad·i·a·bat·ic

(ăd′ē-ə-băt′ĭk)
Occurring without gain or loss of heat. The passage of sound through air is generally adiabatic.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.adiabatic - occurring without loss or gain of heat; "adiabatic expansion"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
diabatic - involving a transfer of heat; "a diabatic process"
References in periodicals archive ?
- 1 kitchen ventilation unit 13 000 m 3 / h with adiabatic cooling,
Designed for use with the company's Ecodry 3DK central adiabatic dry-cooler systems, Frigel says the 3FX chillers offer digitally controlled, closed-loop cooling.
In the present paper an attempt has been made to calculate adiabatic compressibility, acoustic impedance, intermolecular free length, and relaxation time by using measured values of ultrasonic velocities, densities, and viscosities at concentration range of 1.0%, 0.8%, 0.6%, 0.5%, 0.4%, and 0.3% at 35[degrees] C temperature.
Then they show that adding an edge--through the adiabatic modulation of these periodic potentials by a domain wall--results in the bifurcation of spatially localized edge states.
It is composed of three sections: the evaporator section at one end, where heat is absorbed and the fluid is vaporized; a condenser section at the other end, where the vapor is condensed and heat is rejected; and the adiabatic section in between, where the vapor and the liquid phases of the fluid flow in opposite directions through the core and the wick respectively, to complete the cycle with no significant heat transfer between the fluid and the surrounding medium.
The home will include an adiabatic cooling system that doesn't require electricity.
Now this pioneer in this special technology is extending its machine portfolio by adding an adiabatic extruder which uses about 10% less specific energy.
The company says of the two alternative technologies available--the dry-screw (adiabatic) and the water-injected screw (isothermal).
The unique feature of sound wave property is that it gives direct and precise information of the adiabatic properties of solution.
The heat of reaction (AHr) can be used to predict the adiabatic temperature rise in case of loss of cooling.
Temperature control specialist, ICS Cool Energy, part of the ICS Temperature Control group, says adiabatic coolers are a safer alternative that eliminates the risk of legionella and saves on costs and energy.
The topics include quantum adiabatic switching and a supersymmetric approach to excited states of nonlinear oscillators, benchmark studies of spectroscopic parameters for hydrogen halide series via scalar relativistic state-specific multi-reference perturbation theory, extending the application of constrained density functional theory to large molecular systems, a chemist's perspective on intermolecular interactions through energy decomposition, and the first-principles design of complex chemical hydrides as hydrogen storage materials.