adipocyte


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Related to adipocyte: reticular fiber

ad·i·po·cyte

 (ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

(ˈædɪpəʊˌsaɪt)
n
(Physiology) a fat cell that accumulates and stores fats

fat′ cell`



n.
a cell in loose connective tissue that is specialized for the synthesis and storage of fat. Also called adipocyte.
[1910–15]
Translations
tuková buňka
adiposyyttirasvasolu

ad·i·po·cyte

n. adipocito, célula adiposa.
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References in periodicals archive ?
High adipocyte survival after subcutaneous transplantation
UAB researchers and colleagues focused on the molecular mechanism that controls the lineage commitment switch between the osteoblast and adipocyte tracks.
In postadolescent humans, hypertrophy is the predominant mode of body fat mass increase, as the adipocyte turnover rate remains nearly constant at ~ 10% per year throughout adulthood (Spalding et al.
After the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was induced with a medium containing insulin, the cells undergo several rounds of mitosis referred to as mitotic clonal expansion at an early event of differentiation [15,16], A transcription factor, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)-[beta], is required for the mitotic clonal expansion [15], After mitotic clonal expansion, the preadipocyte cells express the key transcription factor, PPAR[gamma], for adipocyte differentiation, which plays essential roles for inducing the adipocyte specific PPAR-[gamma] target genes such as Glut-4 and fatty acid binding protein [10], The 3T3-L1 cells gradually increase lipid droplet size and number during the differentiation process.
Methods: Cell viability, glucose uptake, cytoplasmic triglyceride droplets, triglycerides quantification, gene transcription factors such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor [gamma] (PPAR[gamma]) and adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (aP2) and intracellular [Ca.
The adipocytokine, also known as adipocyte complement related protein (Acrp30) or gelatin-binding protein 28 (GBP-28); is a 30 kDa protein secreted exclusively from the adipose although some other tissues including the placenta are involved in its secretion [5,6].
The study showed how brown adiposederived stem cells that were differentiated step-wise to functional 3D brown adipocyte constructs were loaded into an encapsulation device designed to be used as a cell-based therapeutic for treating metabolic disorders.
The study showed how brown adipose-derived stem cells that were differentiated step-wise to functional 3D brown adipocyte constructs were loaded into an encapsulation device designed to be used as a cell-based therapeutic for treating metabolic disorders.
We discovered that another putative component of retinol metabolism, the oxidoreductase Retinol Saturase (RetSat), promotes adipocyte differentiation, presumably through the generation of a pro-adipogenic enzymatic product.
Utilizing these parameters, from this perspective, the treatment of DM2 and obesity could be through the modulation of the physiology of the adipocyte precursors.
In women, there is usually an increase in adipocyte number after menopause, when estrogens decrease to levels similar to those in men [2].
Recently, retinoblastoma-like protein 1 (p107) has been found to be a key regulator for adipocyte lineage-fate of stem cells.