In addition, studies have suggested that reduced adiponectin
expression could play an important role in the development of alcohol-induced liver damage (Xu et al.
7) It was demonstrated by previous reports that adiponectin
protects against the development of kidney stones.
48 h fasting significantly increased plasma adiponectin
Adipose tissues produce leptin and adiponectin
to regulate feeding behaviour and also generate pro- and anti-inflammatory adipokines to modulate inflammatory responses.
Among these many adipokines includes; adiponectin
, leptin, resistin, visfatin, adipsin, apelin, cheperin and retinol binding protein-4 (RBP-4) [2,4].
Primary analyses assessed the difference in cardiometabolic outcomes between EPA and DHA groups, including plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-18, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-[alpha], and adiponectin
com)-- ALPCO recently released new and improved, highly specific Total Adiponectin
and HMW & Total Adiponectin
ELISA method was used for measurements of plasma and breast cyst fluids leptin (TECOmedical AG, Sissach, Switzerland), adiponectin
(TECOmedical AG, Sissach, Switzerland), resistin (R&D, Minneapolis, MN, USA), visfatin/NAPMT (BioVendor, Brno, The Czech Republic), TNF-[alpha] (R&D, Minneapolis, MN, USA), IL-6 (R&D, Minneapolis, MN, USA), with the lower limit of sensitivity of 0.
In addition to insulin and glucagon, a variety of secreted proteins including adiponectin
, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), and C1q/TNF-[alpha]-related protein 1 (CTRP1) influence each other to regulate glucose homeostasis.
is a 244-amino-acid protein with a molecular weight of 28 kDa which modulates many metabolic processes, especially the metabolism of carbohydrates and fatty acids, indirectly affecting insulin resistance [10, 11].
Among these, adiponectin
(APN) is the most abundant adipocytokine in plasma.
is another hormone that is essential for fat burning.