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Related to adiponectin: ghrelin, Resistin


A polypeptide hormone that is secreted by fat cells and regulates glucose and lipid metabolism, especially by increasing insulin sensitivity and muscle uptake of glucose and by decreasing glucose production in the liver.

[Latin adeps, adip-, fat + Latin nectere, to bind; see ned- in Indo-European roots + -in.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The largest study on serum adiponectin levels in breast cancer patients is reported from South Korea.
The authors also noted an increase in the values of anti-inflammatory adiponectin, an adipokine again connected with glucose maintenance and insulin sensitivity.
showed that BMI was significantly higher and the serum adiponectin level was significantly lower in gastritis-positive patients than in gastritis-negative patients (7).
Adiponectin, an adipokine belonging to the complement factor C1Q protein family [1], is expressed in liver sinusoid endothelial cells, skeletal muscle and bone-forming cells as well as in adipocytes [2-4].
Adiponectin is a protein hormone with anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing properties that plays an important role in a number of metabolic processes such as glucose regulation and fatty acid oxidation.
Each of seven mice per group was selected using blood glucose levels and body weight, and the changes in the body weight, epididymal fat weights, serum adiponectin and leptin levels, adipose adiponectin contents and liver triglyceride contents were monitored.
According to an Endocrine Society-led study, race and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) both affect leptin and adiponectin levels.
Adiponectin, a bioactive adipocytokine exclusively secreted by mature adipocytes in adipose tissue possesses anti-inflammatory, antiatherogenic, and insulin-sensitizing properties.
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-specific cytokine, exhibits anti-inflammatory property and protective effects against obesity-related diseases (6).
The second mechanism is that obesity alters levels of adipokines secreted from adipose tissue (resistin, leptin, adiponectin, and proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-[alpha]).