The full set of speaker-oriented modality consists of imperative, prohibitive, optative, hortative, admonitive
, and permissive.
The IMPERATIVE type is conventionally associated with orders; the HORTATIVE type with exhortations; the ADMONITIVE
type with warnings; and the SUPPLICATIVE type with requests for permission.
Altogether, the manuscript preserves Audelay's name eighteen times, and many of these namings occur because the chaplain-poet himself adopts a first-person admonitive
mode by which to assert that the verses are his 'making'.