adrenal cortex


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Related to adrenal cortex: adrenal medulla, aldosterone

adrenal cortex

n.
The outer portion of the adrenal glands that produces several steroid hormones, including cortisol and aldosterone.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adrenal cortex - the cortex of the adrenal glandadrenal cortex - the cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes corticosterone and sex hormones
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
adrenal, adrenal gland, suprarenal gland - either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
cortex - the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal
References in periodicals archive ?
The release of CRH triggers pituitary production of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which then triggers the adrenal cortex to produce DHEA and the glucocorticoid cortisol and the adrenal medulla to release epinephrine and norepinephrine, typically called "fight or flight" hormones.
The adrenal cortex which includes the zona fasciculata and the zona reticularis, is involved in the production of essential hormones such as glucocorticoids and androgens respectively.
Hyperplasia of different zona of adrenal cortex was found in different types of hormonally active adrenal myelolipoma, with mature adipose tissue and hematopoietic elements in the adrenal tissues.
Primary adrenal carcinoma (ACC) is a rare, aggressive malignancy arising from the adrenal cortex.
These receptors are activated by hormones released in response to stress by the adrenal cortex.
Further, with our full-section staining we confirmed reactivity within admixed normal adrenal cortex.
Under normal conditions, the HPA axis has a complex negative feedback between hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal cortex (Figure 1).
ACTH travels via the systemic circulation to reach the adrenal cortex, wherein glucocorticoids are synthesized and released (see Herman et al.
Addison's disease, or primary adrenal insufficiency, is a chronic disorder of the adrenal cortex resulting in inadequate production of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids.
The other stress hormone is cortisol, a steroid hormone secreted in the adrenal cortex.
The pituitary, in turn, secretes adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which regulates the adrenal cortex, and modulates production by the ovaries, of the key sex hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) [5] (OMIM 201910) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency(21-OHD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of the adrenal cortex characterized by impairment of cortisol biosynthesis, with or without impairment of aldosterone biosynthesis (1).