adrenal gland

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adrenal gland
top: cross section of a right adrenal gland
bottom: placement of adrenal glands relative to kidneys

adrenal gland

Either of two small, dissimilarly shaped endocrine glands, one located above each kidney, consisting of the cortex, which secretes several steroid hormones, and the medulla, which secretes epinephrine. Also called suprarenal gland.

adrenal gland

(Anatomy) an endocrine gland at the anterior end of each kidney. Its medulla secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline and its cortex secretes several steroid hormones. Also called: suprarenal gland

adre′nal gland`

one of a pair of ductless glands, located above the kidneys, consisting of a cortex, which produces steroidal hormones, and a medulla, which produces epinephrine and norepinephrine.
click for a larger image
adrenal gland
top: cross section of an adrenal gland
bottom: position of adrenal glands relative to kidneys

ad·re·nal gland

Either of two endocrine glands, one located above each kidney, that produce several important hormones. ♦ The outer part of the adrenal gland, called the adrenal cortex, produces steroid hormones. ♦ The inner part of the adrenal gland, called the adrenal medulla, produces epinephrine.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adrenal gland - either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidneyadrenal gland - either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
kidney - either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine; "urine passes out of the kidney through ureters to the bladder"
adrenal cortex - the cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes corticosterone and sex hormones
adrenal medulla - the medulla of the adrenal gland; secretes epinephrine
References in classic literature ?
Adrenin is a substance secreted into the blood by the adrenal glands.
The adrenal gland is composed of two main parts with different embryologic origins.
This inherited disease causes the adrenal gland to produce high level of aldosterone - a hormone that regulates the water and salt conservation in the kidneys.
Renal protocol MRI examination showed a large, complex mass appearing to arise from the left adrenal gland (Figure 1), which correlated to the suprarenal lesion on the sonogram.
In mammals, each adrenal gland is composed by two distinct steroidogenic structures: the cortex, whose embryological origin is the mesoderm and the medulla with embryological origin from the neuroectoderm.
Computed tomography scan of abdomen with oral and intravenous contrast revealed well defined round heterogenous enhancing mass seen in right supra renal area involving the adrenal gland.
It was reported that adrenal gland morphology is as effective as laboratory tests for the evaluation of HPA axis function [2].
Biopsy Interpretation of the Kidney and Adrenal Gland (online access included)
However, it exerts a widespread effect on organs including calcium balance and the health of the bones; water balance and the amount we retain; and production of adrenal gland hormones such as cortisol and adrenalin, which are vital for life.
Sequential abdominal CT scans during and after complete anti-TB treatment revealed a significant reduction of the bilateral adrenal gland tumor within the 18 months [Figure 2]d.
14) Although the literature suggests rare involvement of the ipsilateral adrenal gland and equivalent oncological outcome with adrenal sparing surgery, the impact on survival benefit is not clear.
Dead common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) examined in the region had lung lesions and adrenal gland damage, injuries previously linked to oil exposure, researchers report May 20 in PLOS ONE.