corticosteroid

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Related to adrenal steroids: ACTH, Corticosteroids

cor·ti·co·ste·roid

 (kôr′tĭ-kō-stĕr′oid′,-stîr′-)
n.
Any of the steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex or their synthetic equivalents, including the glucocorticoids, such as cortisol, and the mineralocorticoids, such as aldosterone. Also called adrenocorticosteroid.

corticosteroid

(ˌkɔːtɪkəʊˈstɪərɔɪd) or

corticoid

n
1. (Biochemistry) any steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that affects carbohydrate, protein, and electrolyte metabolism, gonad function, and immune response
2. (Pharmacology) any similar synthetic substance, used in treating inflammatory and allergic diseases

cor•ti•co•ster•oid

(ˌkɔr tɪ koʊˈstɛr ɔɪd, -ˈstɪər-)

n.
1. any of a class of steroid hormones formed in the cortex of the adrenal gland and having antiinflammatory properties.
2. any chemically similar synthesized hormone.
Also called cor•ti•coid (ˈkɔr tɪˌkɔɪd)
[1940–45]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesizedcorticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response; "adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"
sex hormone, steroid hormone, steroid - any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
mineralocorticoid - hormone that is one of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences the metabolism of sodium and potassium
glucocorticoid - a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
Cortef, cortisol, hydrocortisone, Hydrocortone - an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
cortisone, Cortone Acetate - a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
Decadron, dexamethasone, Dexamethasone Intensol, Dexone, Hexadrol, Oradexon - a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
Aldactone, spironolactone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
Aristocort, Aristopak, Kenalog, triamcinolone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
Translations
corticostéroïde

corticosteroid

n corticosteroide or corticoesteroide m
References in periodicals archive ?
There are also well-known inaccuracies in immunoassay methods (14-22) that may particularly impact adrenal venous measurements of adrenal steroids, such as aldosterone, where immuno-crossreactivity with high concentrations of other steroids could compromise results.
Blockade of CRF receptors at the pituitary has been shown to decrease the release of ACTH, which in turn decreases the production of adrenal steroids including androgens, and potentially the symptoms associated with classic CAH.
9), (10) Chemical investigations of adrenal steroids and their syntheses began around 1935 through the work of Wintersteiner and Pfiffner, (11) Reichstein's group (12) and Kendall's group.
265) developed a mechanistik computational model to estimate the synthesis and secretion of 14 adrenal steroids in H295R cells and biochemical responses to enzyme inhibition by the model EAC metryrapone (MET), and they compared model estimates with time-course measurements in control and MET-exposed H295R cells.
Between these two ends of the spectrum are examples of Cushinoid-to-Addisonian transitional stages, representing varying patterns of overproduction of some and underproduction of other adrenal steroids (Cases 2 to 5, Table 1).
SAN ANTONIO -- Increased levels of adrenal steroids appear to contribute to metabolic syndrome in African Americans, Dr.
San Diego, CA; 858-587-9333) announced that it has obtained an exclusive worldwide sublicense to three additional issued patents in the area of adrenal steroids from Aeson Therapeutics, Inc.
In some cases, patients with severe disease, or those who cannot take sulfasalazine-type drugs, are given adrenal steroids (drugs that help control inflammation and affect the immune system).
Inhibition of CYP17, a critical enzyme involved in the synthesis of adrenal steroids such as androgens, is important to reach that goal," he noted.
Fast and direct quantification of adrenal steroids by tandem mass spectrometry in serum and dried blood spots.
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to develop a mechanistic computational model of the metabolic network of adrenal steroidogenesis to estimate the synthesis and secretion of adrenal steroids in human H295R cells and their biochemical response to steroidogenesis-disrupting EAC.
Loria's work includes over 20 years of research and numerous patents related to adrenal steroids and their effect on the immune system.