Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to adsorb: chromatography


gather a substance on a surface: Charcoal will adsorb gasses.
Not to be confused with:
absorb – assimilate; consume; soak up: A sponge absorbs water.
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree


 (ăd-zôrb′, -sôrb′)
tr.v. ad·sorbed, ad·sorb·ing, ad·sorbs
To take up by adsorption.

[ad- + Latin sorbēre, to suck.]

ad·sorb′a·bil′i·ty n.
ad·sorb′a·ble adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ədˈsɔːb; -ˈzɔːb)
(Chemistry) to undergo or cause to undergo a process in which a substance, usually a gas, accumulates on the surface of a solid forming a thin film, often only one molecule thick: to adsorb hydrogen on nickel; oxygen adsorbs on tungsten. Compare absorb8
[C19: ad- + -sorb as in absorb]
adˈsorbable adj
adˌsorbaˈbility n
adˈsorption n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ædˈsɔrb, -ˈzɔrb)

to hold (a gas, liquid, or dissolved substance) on a surface in a condensed layer: Charcoal will adsorb gases.
[1880–85; ad- + (ab) sorb]
ad•sorb′a•ble, adj.
ad•sorb`a•bil′i•ty, n.
ad•sorb′ent, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


Past participle: adsorbed
Gerund: adsorbing

I adsorb
you adsorb
he/she/it adsorbs
we adsorb
you adsorb
they adsorb
I adsorbed
you adsorbed
he/she/it adsorbed
we adsorbed
you adsorbed
they adsorbed
Present Continuous
I am adsorbing
you are adsorbing
he/she/it is adsorbing
we are adsorbing
you are adsorbing
they are adsorbing
Present Perfect
I have adsorbed
you have adsorbed
he/she/it has adsorbed
we have adsorbed
you have adsorbed
they have adsorbed
Past Continuous
I was adsorbing
you were adsorbing
he/she/it was adsorbing
we were adsorbing
you were adsorbing
they were adsorbing
Past Perfect
I had adsorbed
you had adsorbed
he/she/it had adsorbed
we had adsorbed
you had adsorbed
they had adsorbed
I will adsorb
you will adsorb
he/she/it will adsorb
we will adsorb
you will adsorb
they will adsorb
Future Perfect
I will have adsorbed
you will have adsorbed
he/she/it will have adsorbed
we will have adsorbed
you will have adsorbed
they will have adsorbed
Future Continuous
I will be adsorbing
you will be adsorbing
he/she/it will be adsorbing
we will be adsorbing
you will be adsorbing
they will be adsorbing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been adsorbing
you have been adsorbing
he/she/it has been adsorbing
we have been adsorbing
you have been adsorbing
they have been adsorbing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been adsorbing
you will have been adsorbing
he/she/it will have been adsorbing
we will have been adsorbing
you will have been adsorbing
they will have been adsorbing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been adsorbing
you had been adsorbing
he/she/it had been adsorbing
we had been adsorbing
you had been adsorbing
they had been adsorbing
I would adsorb
you would adsorb
he/she/it would adsorb
we would adsorb
you would adsorb
they would adsorb
Past Conditional
I would have adsorbed
you would have adsorbed
he/she/it would have adsorbed
we would have adsorbed
you would have adsorbed
they would have adsorbed
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.adsorb - accumulate (liquids or gases) on the surfaceadsorb - accumulate (liquids or gases) on the surface
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
sorb, take up - take up a liquid or a gas either by adsorption or by absorption
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
The high 1/n value of Cu (0.68) in compare to Zn (0.59) indicates the preferential sorption of Cu than Zn, and shows the ability of the amended soils to adsorb these two metal ions.
"Our findings open up the possibility that waste concrete coming from building demolitions can be used to adsorb these pollutants."
Upon intrinsic SWCNTs surface, the adsorption distance from [C.sub.6][H.sub.6] molecule to intrinsic SWCNTs reaches 3.63 [Angstrom], and the adsorption energy and charge transfer are only 0.044 eV and 0.003 e, signifying that the adsorption between [C.sub.6][H.sub.6] and intrinsic SWCNTs is weak physisorption, while, upon Ni-doped intrinsic SWCNTs surface, the protruding Ni atom acts as the active site to adsorb [C.sub.6][H.sub.6] molecule.
For instance, the ways in which hydrogen [32] and oxygen adsorb on phosphorene have explained the surface reactivity and its oxidation behaviour.
Like other polar surfaces, titanium (iv) oxide has the tendency to adsorb polar molecules including water molecules.
The ability of proteins to adsorb at the interface of a material has been studied extensively and is known to depend on several factors, including ionic forces, van der Waals forces, hydrogen bonding, and surface topography [17, 18].
This adsorbent is the first of its kind that can simultaneously adsorb radioactive cesium (Cs) and radioactive strontium (Sr) dissolved in water at a high adsorption rate of 99% or better, satisfying the standards for drinking water established by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (radiation dose of 10 Bq/L or less) using half the quantity of conventional adsorbents.
The acetylated bagasse would selectively adsorb the oil and would remain on the surface to be removed when the application was complete.
It was Inspired by polystyrene, which can adsorb small amounts of C[O.sub.2] by the same swelling action.
investigated the adsorption and desorption of organic liquids on silica aerogel and found that the aerogel could adsorb the organic liquids and oils by nearly 15 times of its own mass [8].
Although the formation of micelle-like structure is not expected in the case of polyelectrolyte adsorption, polymers can adsorb in a cooperative manner to form cluster.