adsorbate


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ad·sor·bate

 (ăd-zôr′bĭt, -bāt′, -sôr′-)
n.
An adsorbed substance.

adsorbate

(ədˈsɔːbeɪt; -bɪt; -ˈzɔː-)
n
(Chemistry) a substance that has been or is to be adsorbed on a surface

ad•sorb•ate

(ædˈsɔr beɪt, -bɪt, -ˈzɔr-)

n.
a substance that is adsorbed.
[1925–30]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.adsorbate - a material that has been or is capable of being adsorbed
sorbate - a material that has been or is capable of being taken up by another substance by either absorption or adsorption
Adj.1.adsorbate - capable of being adsorbed or accumulated on a surface of a solid
References in periodicals archive ?
This is because adsorption is a multistep process, which involves the movement of adsorbate molecules first to the boundary layer on the outer surface of adsorbent followed by its diffusion to adsorbent surface and finally to the internal porous structure through pore diffusion.
Another important thermodynamic parameter that provides relevant information about the heat exchanges in the adsorption process is the isosteric adsorption heat ([DELTA][H.sub.x]), defined as the standard adsorption enthalpy change for a constant amount of adsorbate [29].
Because the adsorption process is not at a steady state as the influent flows through the fixed-bed column under predesigned operating conditions, it is not easy to express the dynamic behavior of adsorbate in the column.
When pH is higher than the isoelectric point (IEP) of the suspension, under this condition, the high ionic strength in the solution will cause the adsorbate to dangle into the solution.
Various parameters that influence adsorption including the effect of pH (pH 1 to pH 12), contact time (20-180 min), initial adsorbate concentration (25 to 150 mg/L), and adsorbent dosage (0.63 to 10.63 g/L) were studied.
where [q.sub.t] is the quantity adsorbed by the adsorbent at time t (mg/g); [C.sub.0] and [C.sub.e] are the initial and equilibrium concentrations of adsorbate (mg/L), respectively; V is the volume of the solution (L); and M is the mass of adsorbent (g).
where [c.sub.e] is equilibrium concentration of adsorbate (mg/L), [Q.sub.o] is adsorption capacity (mg/g), b is constant (L/mg), and [q.sub.e] is the amount adsorbed at equilibrium (mg/g).