Studies already have shown that aerobic exercise
(also known as "cardio") is an effective strategy against many physical health problems, including heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis, along with certain mental health issues, such as stress, anxiety, and depression.
They analyzed 19 studies that included nearly 500 stroke survivors, aged 54 to 71, who completed aerobic exercise
programs similar in structure to cardiac rehabilitation.
So it's good news that t'ai chi, an ancient discipline rooted in traditional Chinese medicine, seems to be as effective as, or better than, aerobic exercise
for managing the condition.
* VIG: do the same aerobic exercise
at a vigorous pace, or
However, given the demonstrated benefits of aerobic exercise
training on autonomic nervous system regulation, cerebral blood flow regulation, cardiovascular physiology, and brain neuro-plasticity, the researchers hypothesized that exercise at a level that does not exacerbate symptoms might facilitate recovery in concussion patients.
"The effect of aerobic exercise
on executive function was more pronounced as age increased, suggesting that it may mitigate age-related declines," wrote Yaakov Stern, PhD, chief of cognitive neuroscience in the department of neurology at Columbia University, New York, and his research colleagues.
Lee and colleagues (2013) agree that the use of aerobic exercise
among obese adolescents reduces visceral adiposity.
Subgroup analyses revealed comparable effects for aerobic exercise
across various settings and delivery formats, and in both outpatients and inpatients regardless of symptom severity.
"Aerobic" means "requiring oxygen," and aerobic exercise
increases your body's oxygen demand and your heart rate.
Regular aerobic exercise
improves health in the following ways: Reduces body fat and improves weight control and resting blood pressure (BP) (systolic and diastolic) blood supply to the muscles, reduces insulin resistance, and improves heart and lung functions.
is called cardiovascular exercise for good reason: It strengthens the heart and lungs, improving your ability to exercise longer (functional capacity), along with your stamina and fitness.
As the researchers examined the studies, they discovered that older adults who did aerobic exercise
by itself experienced a three times greater level of improvement in cognitive function than those who participated in combined aerobic training and strength training exercises.