afferent nerve


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to afferent nerve: afferent neuron, Afferent fibers, afferent pathway
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.afferent nerve - a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
dorsal horn, dorsal root - one of the two roots of a spinal nerve that passes dorsally to the spinal cord and that consists of sensory fibers
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
nerve, nervus - any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body
afferent fiber, sensory fiber - a nerve fiber that carries impulses toward the central nervous system
lemniscus, fillet - a bundle of sensory nerve fibers going to the thalamus
References in periodicals archive ?
Sensory hair cells are of two types, including flask-shaped inner hair cells (IHC) and tube-like outer hair cells (OHC).The afferent nerve supply has sensory neurons that are ascending and carry electrical inputs from the cochlea to the auditory nervous system.
The methods of administration are intrathecal drug application or dorsal rhizotomy of lumbar and sacral afferent nerve roots [3, 6, 14].
Detection thresholds for stimuli in humans and monkeys : comparison with thresholds events in mechanoreceptive afferent nerve fibers innervating the monkey hand.
Auditory brainstem response wave I was mainly sourced from the cochlear afferent nerve,9 and the auditory brainstem response missed from wave I, suggesting that the lesions of auditory branch and/or inner hair cells, inner hair cells and afferent synapses of VIII brain nerve leads to unsynchronized nervous discharge of the nerve fibers.
Externally administered AEA and CB1 agonist, arachidonyl-2-chloroethylamide (ACEA), have been shown to significantly reduce the firing rate of afferent nerve fibers in OA joints, but not in the control joints, suggesting a tonic release of endocannabinoids at the joint level in OA.
Experimentally stimulation of vagal afferent nerve fibers can have profound effects on the activity of the contralateral vagal efferent (increased activity) and bilaterally of cardiac sympathetic efferent nerve fibers (inhibition of activity) [9].
(1) The peripheral pathway: noxious stimuli act on the receptors in the GI mucosa and are transmitted from primary afferent nerve fibers to primary sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglia(DRG).
Such cytokines released after intervertebral disc herniation may induce increased neuronal excitability in the primary afferent nerve fibers and reduced axonal speed of conduction and may also promote nerve injury [1, 5, 6].
Consequently, an action potential emerges in the afferent nerve innervating this vessel.
Janig, "Ectopic activity in cutaneous regenerating afferent nerve fibers following nerve lesion in the rat," European Journal of Neuroscience, vol.
Urethral afferent nerve activity affects the micturition reflex; implication for the relationship between stress incontinence and detrusor instability.