affix

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affix

An affix is an element that is added to a base word or root to create a new or inflected form. The most common affixes are prefixes, which attach to the beginning of a base or root word, and suffixes, which attach to the end.
There are also a number of other, less common affixes that are used in English: interfixes, simulfixes, circumfixes, infixes, and suprafixes. Some of these are like prefixes and suffixes, in that they attach a new letter or letters to an existing base word or root to create a new term; others function by changing a letter within a word, or by changing the pronunciation of a word.
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af·fix

 (ə-fĭks′)
tr.v. af·fixed, af·fix·ing, af·fix·es
1. To secure to something; attach: affix a label to a package.
2. To impute; attribute: affix blame to him.
3. To place at the end; append: affix a postscript to a letter.
4. Linguistics To add as an affix.
n. (ăf′ĭks′)
1. Something that is attached, joined, or added; an appendage or addition.
2. Linguistics A word element, such as a prefix or suffix, that can only occur attached to a base, stem, or root.

[Medieval Latin affīxāre, frequentative of Latin affīgere, affīx- : ad-, ad- + fīgere, to fasten; see dhīgw- in Indo-European roots.]

af·fix′a·ble adj.
af′fix′al adj.
af′fix′al·ly adv.
af·fix′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

affix

vb (tr; usually foll by to or on)
1. to attach, fasten, join, or stick: to affix a poster to the wall.
2. to add or append: to affix a signature to a document.
3. to attach or attribute (guilt, blame, etc)
n
4. (Grammar) grammar a linguistic element added to a word or root to produce a derived or inflected form: -ment in establishment is a derivational affix; -s in drowns is an inflectional affix. See also prefix, suffix, infix
5. something fastened or attached; appendage
[C15: from Medieval Latin affixāre, from ad- to + fixāre to fix]
affixation, affixture n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

af•fix

(v. əˈfɪks; n. ˈæf ɪks)

v.t.
1. to fasten or attach: to affix stamps to a letter.
2. to add on; append: to affix a signature to a contract.
3. to attach (blame, reproach, etc.).
n.
4. something that is joined or attached.
5. a bound inflectional or derivational element, as a prefix, infix, or suffix, added to a base or stem to form a fresh stem or a word, as -ed added to want to form wanted, or im- added to possible to form impossible.
[1525–35; < Latin affīxus, past participle of affīgere to attach, fix =af- af- + fīgere to fasten]
af•fix′a•ble, adj.
af•fix′al, af•fix′i•al, adj.
af`fix•a′tion, af•fix′ment, n.
af•fix′er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

affix


Past participle: affixed
Gerund: affixing

Imperative
affix
affix
Present
I affix
you affix
he/she/it affixes
we affix
you affix
they affix
Preterite
I affixed
you affixed
he/she/it affixed
we affixed
you affixed
they affixed
Present Continuous
I am affixing
you are affixing
he/she/it is affixing
we are affixing
you are affixing
they are affixing
Present Perfect
I have affixed
you have affixed
he/she/it has affixed
we have affixed
you have affixed
they have affixed
Past Continuous
I was affixing
you were affixing
he/she/it was affixing
we were affixing
you were affixing
they were affixing
Past Perfect
I had affixed
you had affixed
he/she/it had affixed
we had affixed
you had affixed
they had affixed
Future
I will affix
you will affix
he/she/it will affix
we will affix
you will affix
they will affix
Future Perfect
I will have affixed
you will have affixed
he/she/it will have affixed
we will have affixed
you will have affixed
they will have affixed
Future Continuous
I will be affixing
you will be affixing
he/she/it will be affixing
we will be affixing
you will be affixing
they will be affixing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been affixing
you have been affixing
he/she/it has been affixing
we have been affixing
you have been affixing
they have been affixing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been affixing
you will have been affixing
he/she/it will have been affixing
we will have been affixing
you will have been affixing
they will have been affixing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been affixing
you had been affixing
he/she/it had been affixing
we had been affixing
you had been affixing
they had been affixing
Conditional
I would affix
you would affix
he/she/it would affix
we would affix
you would affix
they would affix
Past Conditional
I would have affixed
you would have affixed
he/she/it would have affixed
we would have affixed
you would have affixed
they would have affixed
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011

affix

A word element that only occurs as an attachment to another word or part of a word, such as a prefix or suffix.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.affix - a linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
bound form, bound morpheme - a morpheme that occurs only as part of a larger construction; eg an -s at the end of plural nouns
prefix - an affix that is added in front of the word
postfix, suffix - an affix that is added at the end of the word
infix - an affix that is inserted inside the word
Verb1.affix - attach toaffix - attach to; "affix the seal here"  
stamp - affix a stamp to; "Are the letters properly stamped?"
attach - cause to be attached
seal - affix a seal to; "seal the letter"
post - affix in a public place or for public notice; "post a warning"
plaster - affix conspicuously; "She plastered warnings all over the wall"
2.affix - add to the very endaffix - add to the very end; "He appended a glossary to his novel where he used an invented language"
attach - cause to be attached
annex - attach to
3.affix - attach or become attached to a stem word; "grammatical morphemes affix to the stem"
attach - cause to be attached
prefix - attach a prefix to; "prefixed words"
suffix - attach a suffix to; "suffix words"
infix - attach a morpheme into a stem word
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

affix

verb attach, add, join, stick on, bind, put on, tag, glue, paste, tack, fasten, annex, append, subjoin Complete the form and affix four tokens.
remove, take off, detach, disconnect, unfasten, unglue
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

affix

verb
1. To join one thing to another:
2. To ascribe (a misdeed or an error, for example) to:
3. To add as a supplement or an appendix:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
رسغيُضِيف، يُلْصِق
přilepitpřipevnitpřipojit
fæstnefastgøreklæbe
afikso
afiks
ráragaszt
festa á/viî
apporreconfisso
priklijuotipritvirtinti
piestiprināt

affix

A. [əˈfɪks] VT [+ signature] → poner, añadir; [+ stamp] → poner, pegar; [+ seal] → imprimir
to affix a notice to the wallpegar un anuncio en la pared
B. N [ˈæfɪks] (Ling) → afijo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

affix

[əˈfɪks] vt
[+ stamp, label, sticker] → coller
to affix sth to sth → coller qch à qch
[+ signature] → apposer
to affix one's signature to sth → apposer sa signature à qch
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

affix

1
vtanbringen (→ to auf +dat); sealsetzen (→ to auf +acc); signaturesetzen (→ to unter +acc)

affix

2
n (Gram) → Affix nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

affix

1 [əˈfɪks] vt (signature) → apporre; (stamp) → attaccare

affix

2 [ˈæfɪks] n (Gram) → affisso
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

affix

(əˈfiks) verb
to attach (something) to an object etc. Affix the stamp to the envelope.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

affix

vi. aplicar, colocar, adaptar; ligar, unir.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
As will be shown in section 4, these are the result of multiple affixation and each one of the involved affixations operates in existent derivational patterns of contemporary Portuguese:
This paper aims to analyse the syntagmatic extension of multiple affixation (at least three suffixes) in contemporary Portuguese productive patterns (Rio--Torto et al.
From the perspective of the description of structural constraints, multiple affixation ought to be possible as long as structural constraints between affixes are preserved.
One particular type of multiple affixation contrasts with those cases:
Copious instances of -i, -e, and -kae converbal affixations are available in the Manuscript of this play; only one instance of -kahu is available in it.
The converb in the Caryapada is commonly expressed by an affixation of -i to the verb stem; use of allomorphically variant forms <-ia> and <-ia> is also found in the text.
A couple of instances of -e affixation are also found in the text: kahu asa dae bamcae (11) 'giving/having given/offered' kahu rosa darasae (11) 'having kutila bhauha bhare shown/exhibited' bhangae
Written in circa 1406, Vidyapati's prose-verse work Kirttilata contains numerous examples of -i affixation expressing the role of the converb.