affix

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affix

An affix is an element that is added to a base word or root to create a new or inflected form. The most common affixes are prefixes, which attach to the beginning of a base or root word, and suffixes, which attach to the end.
There are also a number of other, less common affixes that are used in English: interfixes, simulfixes, circumfixes, infixes, and suprafixes. Some of these are like prefixes and suffixes, in that they attach a new letter or letters to an existing base word or root to create a new term; others function by changing a letter within a word, or by changing the pronunciation of a word.
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af·fix

 (ə-fĭks′)
tr.v. af·fixed, af·fix·ing, af·fix·es
1. To secure to something; attach: affix a label to a package.
2. To impute; attribute: affix blame to him.
3. To place at the end; append: affix a postscript to a letter.
4. Linguistics To add as an affix.
n. (ăf′ĭks′)
1. Something that is attached, joined, or added; an appendage or addition.
2. Linguistics A word element, such as a prefix or suffix, that can only occur attached to a base, stem, or root.

[Medieval Latin affīxāre, frequentative of Latin affīgere, affīx- : ad-, ad- + fīgere, to fasten; see dhīgw- in Indo-European roots.]

af·fix′a·ble adj.
af′fix′al adj.
af′fix′al·ly adv.
af·fix′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

affix

vb (tr; usually foll by to or on)
1. to attach, fasten, join, or stick: to affix a poster to the wall.
2. to add or append: to affix a signature to a document.
3. to attach or attribute (guilt, blame, etc)
n
4. (Grammar) grammar a linguistic element added to a word or root to produce a derived or inflected form: -ment in establishment is a derivational affix; -s in drowns is an inflectional affix. See also prefix, suffix, infix
5. something fastened or attached; appendage
[C15: from Medieval Latin affixāre, from ad- to + fixāre to fix]
affixation, affixture n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

af•fix

(v. əˈfɪks; n. ˈæf ɪks)

v.t.
1. to fasten or attach: to affix stamps to a letter.
2. to add on; append: to affix a signature to a contract.
3. to attach (blame, reproach, etc.).
n.
4. something that is joined or attached.
5. a bound inflectional or derivational element, as a prefix, infix, or suffix, added to a base or stem to form a fresh stem or a word, as -ed added to want to form wanted, or im- added to possible to form impossible.
[1525–35; < Latin affīxus, past participle of affīgere to attach, fix =af- af- + fīgere to fasten]
af•fix′a•ble, adj.
af•fix′al, af•fix′i•al, adj.
af`fix•a′tion, af•fix′ment, n.
af•fix′er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

affix


Past participle: affixed
Gerund: affixing

Imperative
affix
affix
Present
I affix
you affix
he/she/it affixes
we affix
you affix
they affix
Preterite
I affixed
you affixed
he/she/it affixed
we affixed
you affixed
they affixed
Present Continuous
I am affixing
you are affixing
he/she/it is affixing
we are affixing
you are affixing
they are affixing
Present Perfect
I have affixed
you have affixed
he/she/it has affixed
we have affixed
you have affixed
they have affixed
Past Continuous
I was affixing
you were affixing
he/she/it was affixing
we were affixing
you were affixing
they were affixing
Past Perfect
I had affixed
you had affixed
he/she/it had affixed
we had affixed
you had affixed
they had affixed
Future
I will affix
you will affix
he/she/it will affix
we will affix
you will affix
they will affix
Future Perfect
I will have affixed
you will have affixed
he/she/it will have affixed
we will have affixed
you will have affixed
they will have affixed
Future Continuous
I will be affixing
you will be affixing
he/she/it will be affixing
we will be affixing
you will be affixing
they will be affixing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been affixing
you have been affixing
he/she/it has been affixing
we have been affixing
you have been affixing
they have been affixing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been affixing
you will have been affixing
he/she/it will have been affixing
we will have been affixing
you will have been affixing
they will have been affixing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been affixing
you had been affixing
he/she/it had been affixing
we had been affixing
you had been affixing
they had been affixing
Conditional
I would affix
you would affix
he/she/it would affix
we would affix
you would affix
they would affix
Past Conditional
I would have affixed
you would have affixed
he/she/it would have affixed
we would have affixed
you would have affixed
they would have affixed
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011

affix

A word element that only occurs as an attachment to another word or part of a word, such as a prefix or suffix.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.affix - a linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
bound form, bound morpheme - a morpheme that occurs only as part of a larger construction; eg an -s at the end of plural nouns
prefix - an affix that is added in front of the word
postfix, suffix - an affix that is added at the end of the word
infix - an affix that is inserted inside the word
Verb1.affix - attach toaffix - attach to; "affix the seal here"  
stamp - affix a stamp to; "Are the letters properly stamped?"
attach - cause to be attached
seal - affix a seal to; "seal the letter"
post - affix in a public place or for public notice; "post a warning"
plaster - affix conspicuously; "She plastered warnings all over the wall"
2.affix - add to the very endaffix - add to the very end; "He appended a glossary to his novel where he used an invented language"
attach - cause to be attached
annex - attach to
3.affix - attach or become attached to a stem word; "grammatical morphemes affix to the stem"
attach - cause to be attached
prefix - attach a prefix to; "prefixed words"
suffix - attach a suffix to; "suffix words"
infix - attach a morpheme into a stem word
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

affix

verb attach, add, join, stick on, bind, put on, tag, glue, paste, tack, fasten, annex, append, subjoin Complete the form and affix four tokens.
remove, take off, detach, disconnect, unfasten, unglue
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

affix

verb
1. To join one thing to another:
2. To ascribe (a misdeed or an error, for example) to:
3. To add as a supplement or an appendix:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
رسغيُضِيف، يُلْصِق
přilepitpřipevnitpřipojit
fæstnefastgøreklæbe
afikso
afiks
ráragaszt
festa á/viî
apporreconfisso
priklijuotipritvirtinti
piestiprināt

affix

A. [əˈfɪks] VT [+ signature] → poner, añadir; [+ stamp] → poner, pegar; [+ seal] → imprimir
to affix a notice to the wallpegar un anuncio en la pared
B. N [ˈæfɪks] (Ling) → afijo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

affix

[əˈfɪks] vt
[+ stamp, label, sticker] → coller
to affix sth to sth → coller qch à qch
[+ signature] → apposer
to affix one's signature to sth → apposer sa signature à qch
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

affix

1
vtanbringen (→ to auf +dat); sealsetzen (→ to auf +acc); signaturesetzen (→ to unter +acc)

affix

2
n (Gram) → Affix nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

affix

1 [əˈfɪks] vt (signature) → apporre; (stamp) → attaccare

affix

2 [ˈæfɪks] n (Gram) → affisso
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

affix

(əˈfiks) verb
to attach (something) to an object etc. Affix the stamp to the envelope.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

affix

vi. aplicar, colocar, adaptar; ligar, unir.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
4.2 Evaluatives and other 'category-maintaining' affixes
Are locations typically denoted by affixes whose primary function is to mark something else (as in English) or whose primary function is to mark location?
Relative to derivation, the focus is generally on category-changing affixes, whose combinatorics is primarily determined by the functions sequentially attributed to the added affixes.
The borrowing of forms and, thus, affixes, that took place from the 17th century plays a central role in the development of the English language and a consequence of this is the emergence of both native and non-native competing (rival) affixes (Riddle 1985: 452-455; Lieber 2004: 44; Bauer 2009: 189; Kaunisto 2009; Diaz-Negrillo 2017: 119).
Taft (2004) thought that given this type of pseudowords, lexical decision becomes a very complex task since the reader's resources are focused on the combination of stems and affixes, where the difference between words and pseudowords is not actually evident.
1.2.45 arthavad adh[a.bar]tur apratyayall pr[a.bar]tipadikam, meaningful speech forms (arthavat), other than roots, affixes, and speech forms that end with them, are termed pr[a.bar]tipadika 'nominal base'.
Words their way; word sorts for syllables and affixes spellers, 2d ed.
They have been applied to a 5,891-item sample of the British National Corpus (hereafter BNC), after which the ten least productive affixes from each model are extracted and studied as representative of low productivity with respect to the points mentioned above.
Accordingly, the productivity values should be calculated at equal token numbers for different affixes instead of taking the different token numbers which result from sampling the whole corpus for all affixes, as in Baayen's works.
We have now developed enough of a framework to return to the first problem raised here: what do affixes like -er and -ee mean, and why do they receive the range of overlapping interpretations that they do?
This family of enzymes affixes a methyl group onto a particular atom of a cytosine base.
Simplifying phonic methods by emphasizing writing as much as if not more than reading, so that phonics is separated from spelling, The Write Way to Read includes step-by-step instructions divided into topical sections: The Alphabet, Phonography, Spelling, Abridged Grammar, Affixes, and Unabridged Grammar.