afflict

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af·flict

 (ə-flĭkt′)
tr.v. af·flict·ed, af·flict·ing, af·flicts
To cause grievous physical or mental suffering to.

[Middle English afflighten, from afflight, disturbed, frightened, from Latin afflīctum, past participle of afflīgere, to cast down : ad-, ad- + flīgere, to strike.]

af·flict′er n.
af·flic′tive adj.
af·flic′tive·ly adv.
Synonyms: afflict, agonize, rack1, torment, torture
These verbs mean to bring great harm or suffering to someone: afflicted with severe arthritis; agonized to see her suffering; racked with guilt; tormented by migraine headaches; tortured by painful memories.

afflict

(əˈflɪkt)
vb
(tr) to cause suffering or unhappiness to; distress greatly
[C14: from Latin afflictus, past participle of afflīgere to knock against, from flīgere to knock, to strike]
afˈflictive adj

af•flict

(əˈflɪkt)

v.t.
1. to distress with mental or bodily pain; trouble grievously: to be afflicted with arthritis.
2. Obs.
a. to overthrow; defeat.
b. to humble.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin afflīctus, past participle of afflīgere to knock down, destroy, distress =af- af- + flīgere to strike down]
af•flict′ed•ness, n.
af•flict′er, n.

afflict


Past participle: afflicted
Gerund: afflicting

Imperative
afflict
afflict
Present
I afflict
you afflict
he/she/it afflicts
we afflict
you afflict
they afflict
Preterite
I afflicted
you afflicted
he/she/it afflicted
we afflicted
you afflicted
they afflicted
Present Continuous
I am afflicting
you are afflicting
he/she/it is afflicting
we are afflicting
you are afflicting
they are afflicting
Present Perfect
I have afflicted
you have afflicted
he/she/it has afflicted
we have afflicted
you have afflicted
they have afflicted
Past Continuous
I was afflicting
you were afflicting
he/she/it was afflicting
we were afflicting
you were afflicting
they were afflicting
Past Perfect
I had afflicted
you had afflicted
he/she/it had afflicted
we had afflicted
you had afflicted
they had afflicted
Future
I will afflict
you will afflict
he/she/it will afflict
we will afflict
you will afflict
they will afflict
Future Perfect
I will have afflicted
you will have afflicted
he/she/it will have afflicted
we will have afflicted
you will have afflicted
they will have afflicted
Future Continuous
I will be afflicting
you will be afflicting
he/she/it will be afflicting
we will be afflicting
you will be afflicting
they will be afflicting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been afflicting
you have been afflicting
he/she/it has been afflicting
we have been afflicting
you have been afflicting
they have been afflicting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been afflicting
you will have been afflicting
he/she/it will have been afflicting
we will have been afflicting
you will have been afflicting
they will have been afflicting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been afflicting
you had been afflicting
he/she/it had been afflicting
we had been afflicting
you had been afflicting
they had been afflicting
Conditional
I would afflict
you would afflict
he/she/it would afflict
we would afflict
you would afflict
they would afflict
Past Conditional
I would have afflicted
you would have afflicted
he/she/it would have afflicted
we would have afflicted
you would have afflicted
they would have afflicted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.afflict - cause great unhappiness forafflict - cause great unhappiness for; distress; "she was afflicted by the death of her parents"
discomfit, discompose, untune, upset, disconcert - cause to lose one's composure
aggrieve, grieve - cause to feel sorrow; "his behavior grieves his mother"
tribulate - oppress or trouble greatly
strain, stress, try - test the limits of; "You are trying my patience!"
2.afflict - cause physical pain or suffering in; "afflict with the plague"
damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"
visit - assail; "He was visited with a terrible illness that killed him quickly"
blight, plague - cause to suffer a blight; "Too much rain may blight the garden with mold"

afflict

verb torment, trouble, pain, hurt, wound, burden, distress, rack, try, plague, grieve, harass, ail, oppress, beset, smite There are four main problems that afflict these people.

afflict

verb
To bring great harm or suffering to:
Translations
يُصِيب، يَبْتَلي
postihovatsužovattrápit
plage
òjá, hraka
kamuotisielvartasvargas
mocītsagādāt ciešanas
tutulmakyakalanmak

afflict

[əˈflɪkt] VTafligir
the afflictedlos afligidos
to be afflicted with or bysufrir de, estar aquejado de

afflict

[əˈflɪkt] vtaffecter
to be afflicted with sth, to be afflicted by sth [+ illness] → souffrir de qch; [+ problem] → être touché(e) par qch; [+ corruption] → être accablé(e) par

afflict

vtplagen, zusetzen (+dat); (emotionally, mentally also) → belasten; (troubles, inflation, injuries)heimsuchen; to be afflicted by a diseasean einer Krankheit leiden; afflicted with goutvon (der) Gicht geplagt; to be afflicted by doubtsvon Zweifeln gequält werden; the afflicteddie Leidenden pl

afflict

[əˈflɪkt] vtaffliggere

afflict

(əˈflikt) verb
to give pain or distress to (a person etc). She is continually afflicted by/with headaches.
afˈfliction (-ʃən) noun
Her deafness is a great affliction to her.

afflict

v. afligir, causar dolor o sufrimiento;
vt. [lament] afligirse, inquietarse.
References in classic literature ?
We will not pretend to say that Heaven always apportions to a man's capability of endurance the anguish with which he afflicts him; for that, indeed, would not be true, since Heaven permits the existence of death, which is, sometimes, the only refuge open to those who are too closely pressed - too bitterly afflicted, as far as the body is concerned.
But no amount of lubberly book-jargon can disguise a fact well calculated to afflict the soul of every sound economist.
It runs th' polis foorce an' th' banks, commands th' milishy, conthrols th' ligislachure, baptizes th' young, marries th' foolish, comforts th' afflicted, afflicts th' comfortable, buries th' dead an' roasts thim aftherward.
Aggravated by stress and environmental pollutants, cases of asthma have tripled in the last 20 years, and the disease now afflicts one in 13 school-aged children in the state.
Sleeping sickness afflicts half a million people and threatens more than 60 million in sub-Saharan Africa.
Caused by a parasitic flatworm that spends part of its life in amphibious snails, the illness afflicts 200 million people worldwide.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which is charged with administration of the Orphan Drug Act, provides orphan drug designation when the targeted disease afflicts 200,00 or fewer Americans and no satisfactory therapy exists to combat the disease.
The disorder afflicts infants and young children, and the three most common forms of NCLCoinfantile, late infantile and juvenile onsetCoare often referred to as Batten disease.
The Santa Clarita Arthritis Walk, scheduled for May 15, is among dozens of fundraisers planned nationwide to benefit the Arthritis Foundation and shed light on the debilitating joint disease that afflicts about 66 million Americans.