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 (ăf′lo͞o-əns, ə-flo͞o′-)
1. A plentiful supply of material goods; wealth.
2. A great quantity; an abundance.
3. A flowing to or toward a point; afflux.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. an abundant supply of money, goods, or property; wealth
2. rare abundance or profusion
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈæf lu əns or, sometimes, əˈflu-)

1. abundance of money; wealth.
2. an abundant supply; profusion.
3. a flowing to or toward some point; afflux.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Latin]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.



(see also PROSPERING

beggar on horseback An upstart, nouveau riche, or parvenu; one who goes from rags to riches overnight. Various expressions incorporating this phrase have been cited as its source. The earliest is attributed to Robert Greene, a contemporary of Shakespeare’s. In Richard Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy (1621) appears the line

Set a beggar on horseback and he will ride a gallop.

Cited in Bartlett is Bohn: Foreign Proverbs (German):

Set a beggar on horseback and he’ll outride the Devil.

And, finally, there is the folk proverb, “If wishes were horses, beggars would ride.” All seemed to have influenced the meanings of this expression.

eat high off the hog To be in a prosperous, luxurious situation, able to eat the best food and to indulge one’s extravagant tastes; to live a life of material comfort. This U.S. expression is said to derive from the fact that choice cuts of meat come from high up on a hog’s side. Eat or live high off the hog dates from the early 1900s.

I have to do my shopping in the black market because we can’t eat as high off the hog as Roosevelt and Ickes and Joe Davis and all those millionaire friends of the common man. (Call-Bulletin, May 27, 1946)

fat cat See PERSONAGE.

full-bagged Rich, wealthy, affluent. The allusion is to the full moneybags of a rich man. The term, now obsolete, appeared in John Taylor’s Works (1630):

No full bag’d man would ever durst have entered.

in clover Enjoying success and living in luxury; in luck; prosperous; well-off. Used figuratively as early as 1710, in clover alludes to the best pasturage known for cattle—fields of clover.

the Midas touch See ABILITY.

moneybags A rich person; a nabob. This popular expression of obvious origin is used throughout the English-speaking world.

Though squarsons and squires, landlords and moneybags leagued together against me, I was returned by a majority of 34. (Joseph Arch, Story of His Life, 1898)

money to burn Excessive wealth; money to spare; more than sufficient financial assets. This expression implies a large fortune which, if partially destroyed, would still be extraordinary. The phrase is frequently heard in the United States and Great Britain.

People in the States have “money to burn.” (Sunday Express, May, 1928)

on Easy Street Living a life of financial independence; enjoying a comfortable, prosperous life style. This expression first appeared in George V. Hobart’s It’s Up to You (1902) which tells of a young man “who could walk up and down Easy Street.”

piss on ice To live luxuriously; to live high off the hog; to be wealthy, successful, or lucky. It was once the custom in posh restaurants to place a cake of ice in the urinals of men’s rooms. Thus, this expression implies that the only men who urinated on ice were those wealthy enough to patronize these exclusive and expensive dining establishments.

ride the gravy train To become prosperous, to have much success or luck in acquiring wealth; to partake of the good life, to live high off the hog. Dating from the turn of the century, gravy refers to money or profits easily and sometimes illegally acquired. A gravy train or boat is a situation or position which offers the advantages necessary for putting prosperity and fortune within easy reach. To board or ride the gravy train is to take advantage of such a situation, to go for a free ride. This U.S. slang expression dates from the 1920s.

They is on the gravy train and don’t know it, but they is headed straight for ’struction and perdition. (Botkin, My Burden, 1945)

sugar daddy A wealthy man, usually middle-aged or elderly, who spends freely on a young woman, providing material luxuries in exchange for companionship and sex. Sugar is a slang term for money. The expression was popular in the middle of the 20th century, especially in the jazz world. Candy man is another label for a similar type of man. The material luxury he provides is “candy,” a slang term for cocaine.

well-heeled Wealthy, affluent, monied. Though it might appear that this term evolved as the opposite of down-at-the-heel, such is not the case. Of American origin, well-heeled derives from the sport of cockfighting, and was first used in reference to the metal spurs put on fighting cocks. It later came to mean ‘armed, equipped, furnished’ with any kind of weapon, usually a revolver. This latter usage was common in the 19th century, toward the close of which is found the term’s first application to being ‘furnished with money.’ This last is the only meaning retained.

Though the million and a quarter left by his grandfather has been spread among a large family he is still well-heeled enough. (The Daily Telegraph [Color Supplement], January, 1968)

Picturesque Expressions: A Thematic Dictionary, 1st Edition. © 1980 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.affluence - abundant wealthaffluence - abundant wealth; "they studied forerunners of richness or poverty"; "the richness all around unsettled him for he had expected to find poverty"
wealth, wealthiness - the state of being rich and affluent; having a plentiful supply of material goods and money; "great wealth is not a sign of great intelligence"
ease, comfort - a freedom from financial difficulty that promotes a comfortable state; "a life of luxury and ease"; "he had all the material comforts of this world"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


noun wealth, riches, plenty, fortune, prosperity, abundance, big money, exuberance, profusion, big bucks (informal, chiefly U.S.), opulence, top dollar (informal), megabucks (U.S. & Canad. slang), pretty penny (informal), wad (U.S. & Canad. slang) The postwar era was one of new affluence for the working class.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


A great amount of accumulated money and precious possessions:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
غِنَى، يُسْر، فَيْـض


[ˈæflʊəns] Nriqueza f, opulencia f
to live in affluencevivir con lujo
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈæfluəns] naisance f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


nReichtum m, → Wohlstand m; to live in affluenceim Wohlstand leben; to rise to affluencezu großem Wohlstand kommen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˈæflʊəns] n (wealth) → ricchezza; (plenty) → abbondanza
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈӕfluənt) adjective
wealthy. He is becoming more and more affluent.
ˈaffluence noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
A HEAVY Operator overtaken by a Reverse of Fortune was bewailing his sudden fall from affluence to indigence.
They had barely crossed the threshold of this treasure-house, to find themselves rich men; what possibilities of affluence might be theirs when they had fully exploited their possessions?
She doubted the sincerity of this assurance no more than he had doubted it himself, and she thought of it for her daughters' sake with satisfaction, though as for herself she was persuaded that a much smaller provision than 7000L would support her in affluence. For their brother's sake, too, for the sake of his own heart, she rejoiced; and she reproached herself for being unjust to his merit before, in believing him incapable of generosity.
whose dictatorial looks dispense To Children affluence, to Rushworth sense.
Anne Elliot, with all her claims of birth, beauty, and mind, to throw herself away at nineteen; involve herself at nineteen in an engagement with a young man, who had nothing but himself to recommend him, and no hopes of attaining affluence, but in the chances of a most uncertain profession, and no connexions to secure even his farther rise in the profession, would be, indeed, a throwing away, which she grieved to think of!
Manson Mingott had long since succeeded in untying her husband's fortune, and had lived in affluence for half a century; but memories of her early straits had made her excessively thrifty, and though, when she bought a dress or a piece of furniture, she took care that it should be of the best, she could not bring herself to spend much on the transient pleasures of the table.
Our kind neighbours lamented that she, once so exalted in wealth and station, should be reduced to such extremity in her time of sorrow; but I am persuaded that she would have suffered thrice as much had she been left in affluence, with liberty to remain in that house, the scene of her early happiness and late affliction, and no stern necessity to prevent her from incessantly brooding over and lamenting her bereavement.
The firm failed last year, and unable to endure the fall from affluence to poverty he died.
These two brothers had been brought up together in a school at Exeter; and, being accustomed to go home once a week, had often heard, from their mother's lips, long accounts of their father's sufferings in his days of poverty, and of their deceased uncle's importance in his days of affluence: which recitals produced a very different impression on the two: for, while the younger, who was of a timid and retiring disposition, gleaned from thence nothing but forewarnings to shun the great world and attach himself to the quiet routine of a country life, Ralph, the elder, deduced from the often- repeated tale the two great morals that riches are the only true source of happiness and power, and that it is lawful and just to compass their acquisition by all means short of felony.
He was descended from a good family in France, where he had lived for many years in affluence, respected by his superiors and beloved by his equals.
These are mounted and ready to start on the highway to affluence. The goal is before them, the road is in the best condition, their spurs are on, the steed is willing, but, at the last moment, for want of some special thing--a clock, a violin, an astronomical telescope, an electrifying machine--they must dismount for ever, unless they receive its equivalent in money from Nicodemus Boffin, Esquire.
For an instant he hesitated, and then again there rose before him the dreams of affluence which this great anthropoid would doubtless turn to realities once Paulvitch had landed him safely in some great metropolis like London.