affricate


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Related to affricate: affricate consonant

af·fri·cate

 (ăf′rĭ-kĭt)
n.
A complex speech sound consisting of a stop consonant followed by a fricative; for example, the initial sounds of child and joy. Also called affricative.

[Latin affricātus, past participle of affricāre, to rub against : ad-, ad- + fricāre, to rub.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

affricate

(ˈæfrɪkɪt)
n
(Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point, such as the sound written ch, as in chair
[C19: from Latin affricāre to rub against, from fricāre to rub; compare friction]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

af•fri•cate

(n. ˈæf rɪ kɪt; v. -ˌkeɪt)

n., v. -cat•ed, -cat•ing. n.
1. a composite speech sound in which a stop consonant is gradually released with audible friction, as the sound (ch) in church or (j) in judge.
v.t.
2. to change the pronunciation of (a stop) to an affricate, esp. by releasing (the stop) slowly.
[1875–85; < Latin affricātus, past participle of affricāre to rub (against) =af- af- + fricāre to rub (compare friction)]
af`fri•ca′tion, n.
af•fric•a•tive (əˈfrɪk ə tɪv) n., adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.affricate - a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point (as `ch' in `chair' and `j' in `joy')
obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
affriquée
afrikataslivenik
affrikat
affrikata

affricate

[ˈæfrɪkət]
A. ADJafricado
B. Nafricada f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

affricate

n (Ling) → Affrikata f (spec), → Affrikate f (spec)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on the known sound laws one may propose a Transponat *(s)kem-: both the a-vowel and the geminate -mm- of Luvian (*) hammura- would be regular by Cop's Law (*[t.sup.s]em- > *[t.sup.s]amm-), while the initial affricate can be viewed as a product of palatalization of *k by the following *e.
In classical Arabic, the letter jim ([phrase omitted]) is pronounced as the voiced alveo-palatal affricate /d[phrase omitted]/.
4) Affricate. Voiceless postalveolar affricate /t[integrale]/ is changed to voiceless velar plosive /k/
Some of the phonemes that have been resisted in the past are the alveolar trill and affricate [r] and [dz] respectively.
Based on the data, the ISP consonant phonemes has totaling 19 units phonemes which consists of; seven plosive consonant phonemes /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/ four nasal consonants /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, two affricate consonants /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, two fricative consonant phonemes /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, one vibrations consonant /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, and two a half vowel consonants /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/.
manner of articulation (for consonants): stop, fricative, affricate, nasal, lateral, semivowel, trill
Conversely the first C of tn- consonantal clusters word medially in Hindko can be astop fricative affricate or nasal but third C at the right edge is always a liquid or a flap.