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Related to affricate: affricate consonant


A complex speech sound consisting of a stop consonant followed by a fricative; for example, the initial sounds of child and joy. Also called affricative.

[Latin affricātus, past participle of affricāre, to rub against : ad-, ad- + fricāre, to rub.]


(Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point, such as the sound written ch, as in chair
[C19: from Latin affricāre to rub against, from fricāre to rub; compare friction]


(n. ˈæf rɪ kɪt; v. -ˌkeɪt)

n., v. -cat•ed, -cat•ing. n.
1. a composite speech sound in which a stop consonant is gradually released with audible friction, as the sound (ch) in church or (j) in judge.
2. to change the pronunciation of (a stop) to an affricate, esp. by releasing (the stop) slowly.
[1875–85; < Latin affricātus, past participle of affricāre to rub (against) =af- af- + fricāre to rub (compare friction)]
af`fri•ca′tion, n.
af•fric•a•tive (əˈfrɪk ə tɪv) n., adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.affricate - a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point (as `ch' in `chair' and `j' in `joy')
obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth


A. ADJafricado
B. Nafricada f


n (Ling) → Affrikata f (spec), → Affrikate f (spec)
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on the known sound laws one may propose a Transponat *(s)kem-: both the a-vowel and the geminate -mm- of Luvian (*) hammura- would be regular by Cop's Law (*[t.sup.s]em- > *[t.sup.s]amm-), while the initial affricate can be viewed as a product of palatalization of *k by the following *e.
We highlight the necessary parameters for the description of consonant sounds: the point of articulation (bilabial, labiodental, dental, alveolar, alveopalatal, palatal, velar and glottal sounds), the way or the mode of articulation (occlusive, nasal, fricative, affricate, tap, vibrant, retroflex and lateral sounds), and the state of the glottis during the production of sound (voiced or unvoiced).
Regarding the voiced post-alveolar affricate, [d3], that phonetic realization of the trill was evidenced in 21.35% of the target words produced by the children in this study, as shown in Table 2 above.
The remaining Spanish consonant phonemes are the voiceless plosives /p/, /t/ and /k/, the laterals /l/ and /y/, the tap /r/, the trill /r/, the affricate /tf/, and the voiced fricative /[??]/.
In classical Arabic, the letter jim ([phrase omitted]) is pronounced as the voiced alveo-palatal affricate /d[phrase omitted]/.
4) Affricate. Voiceless postalveolar affricate /t[integrale]/ is changed to voiceless velar plosive /k/
The affricate realization of the alveolar stops /t/ and /d/ preceded by palatal glide, the 'Bahia's affricates', in the words of Mota (2002), is a feature associated with the talk of the Northeastern region of Brazil as a whole, but it is more expressive in Sergipe, Alagoas and the interior of Bahia.
Some of the phonemes that have been resisted in the past are the alveolar trill and affricate [r] and [dz] respectively.
Based on the data, the ISP consonant phonemes has totaling 19 units phonemes which consists of; seven plosive consonant phonemes /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/ four nasal consonants /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, two affricate consonants /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, two fricative consonant phonemes /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, one vibrations consonant /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, and two a half vowel consonants /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/.
manner of articulation (for consonants): stop, fricative, affricate, nasal, lateral, semivowel, trill
For instance, Umana-Aguilar (1981) argues that after the voiceless alveolar stop [t], the tap receives an alveolar articulation very similar to a post alveolar voiceless affricate; this rhotic is said to be retroflex and to closely resemble the American English /tr/.
Conversely the first C of tn- consonantal clusters word medially in Hindko can be astop fricative affricate or nasal but third C at the right edge is always a liquid or a flap.