affricate


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to affricate: affricate consonant

af·fri·cate

 (ăf′rĭ-kĭt)
n.
A complex speech sound consisting of a stop consonant followed by a fricative; for example, the initial sounds of child and joy. Also called affricative.

[Latin affricātus, past participle of affricāre, to rub against : ad-, ad- + fricāre, to rub.]

affricate

(ˈæfrɪkɪt)
n
(Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point, such as the sound written ch, as in chair
[C19: from Latin affricāre to rub against, from fricāre to rub; compare friction]

af•fri•cate

(n. ˈæf rɪ kɪt; v. -ˌkeɪt)

n., v. -cat•ed, -cat•ing. n.
1. a composite speech sound in which a stop consonant is gradually released with audible friction, as the sound (ch) in church or (j) in judge.
v.t.
2. to change the pronunciation of (a stop) to an affricate, esp. by releasing (the stop) slowly.
[1875–85; < Latin affricātus, past participle of affricāre to rub (against) =af- af- + fricāre to rub (compare friction)]
af`fri•ca′tion, n.
af•fric•a•tive (əˈfrɪk ə tɪv) n., adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.affricate - a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point (as `ch' in `chair' and `j' in `joy')
obstruent - a consonant that is produced with a partial or complete blockage of the airflow from the lungs through the nose or mouth
Translations
affriquée
afrikataslivenik
affrikat
affrikata

affricate

[ˈæfrɪkət]
A. ADJafricado
B. Nafricada f

affricate

n (Ling) → Affrikata f (spec), → Affrikate f (spec)
References in periodicals archive ?
f [theta] s s s Affricate voiced dz voiceless ts Nasal voiced m n n Lateral voiced l l l Glide voiced w Trill voiced r/r r Retroflex voiced Alveolar EN IT GR FR Stop/Plosive voiced d d voiceless t t Fricative voiced z voiceless s Affricate voiced voiceless ts Nasal voiced n n Lateral voiced l Glide voiced Trill voiced r r Retroflex voiced [?
The remaining Spanish consonant phonemes are the voiceless plosives /p/, /t/ and /k/, the laterals /l/ and /y/, the tap /r/, the trill /r/, the affricate /tf/, and the voiced fricative /[?
In classical Arabic, the letter jim ([phrase omitted]) is pronounced as the voiced alveo-palatal affricate /d[phrase omitted]/.
On the other hand, the lower accuracy for the affricate class also reinforces the important interaction between acoustic features and anatomical-physiological features of the human ear for the phonemic identification.
Voiceless postalveolar affricate /t[integrale]/ is changed to voiceless velar plosive /k/
Elamite Phonemes / Graphical Units Sources: Stolper 2004: 70-73 Khachikian 1998: 5-10 * Elamite <z> is some sort of affricate (not [z]); Khachikian 1998: 7-8.
The affricate realization of the alveolar stops /t/ and /d/ preceded by palatal glide, the 'Bahia's affricates', in the words of Mota (2002), is a feature associated with the talk of the Northeastern region of Brazil as a whole, but it is more expressive in Sergipe, Alagoas and the interior of Bahia.
An interesting phenomenon in Soikkola Ingrian is the gradation of the affricate ts.
Some of the phonemes that have been resisted in the past are the alveolar trill and affricate [r] and [dz] respectively.
Based on the data, the ISP consonant phonemes has totaling 19 units phonemes which consists of; seven plosive consonant phonemes /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/ four nasal consonants /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, two affricate consonants /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, two fricative consonant phonemes /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, one vibrations consonant /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/, and two a half vowel consonants /[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]/.
manner of articulation (for consonants): stop, fricative, affricate, nasal, lateral, semivowel, trill