This has interesting consequences for the peculiarities of Najdi speech, especially the affrication
of [k] and [g] (i.
An error characteristic of the students taking part in this sample, and also typical of Danish speakers in general, is that caused by affrication
of /t/, namely releasing the consonant with an [s]-like off-glide, thus [[t.
As to the phonology, it is interesting to note that g and k as a rule are not affricated, not even in the poems of the northern Jordanian poet, whose ancestors one hundred years ago probably used phonetically conditioned affrication
Another sample analysis: Affrication
in Northumbrian English
Most such languages also have greater affrication
of apical alveolars than laminal dentals, as in Isako, but Dahalo has greater affrication
of the laminal dentals (p.
According to Miller and Nicely (1961:174-175), when frequencies above 1000 cps are filtered out of the speech, the features of place of articulation and duration are effectively absent, leaving nasality, affrication
, and voicing to do all the work.
Based on articulatory and spectrographic analyses, Haeri distinguished frication (weak palatalization) and affrication
(strong palatalization) of dental stops /t, d, T, D, tt, dd/ next to palatal sounds.
The phonetically conditioned allophones of /g/ and /k/ are g and c respectively, but--as is commonplace in Bedouin dialects--the affrication
has not always been applied.
t [right arrow] ts /--i Korean (Kim 2001) affrication
of the voiceless velar stop occurs in back vowel environments, making this phenomenon different from the restricted front vowel environments of other Arabic dialects: duhc, "laughter" < duhk (p.
Work in large urban centres such as Liverpool, Newcastle and Cardiff shows that, although these places are adopting some nationwide features such as labio-dental /r/, /t/-glottaling and TH-fronting, they also demonstrate independent divergent developments, such as voiceless-stop affrication
in Liverpool and, from my own work, the fronting of the GOAT-vowel from [u:] to [u:], the widespread smoothing of triphthongs as in doing /d[LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]m/, knowing /n[LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]:m/, and the merger of the vowels of NEAR and SQUARE in Norwich.
a further morphonological rule of affrication
/t/ [right arrow] /ts/ in front of the suffix -ione must be assumed in Scalise's approach.