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 (ăf′tər-wərd) also af·ter·wards (-wərdz)
At a later time; subsequently.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈɑːftəwədz) or


after an earlier event or time; subsequently
[Old English æfterweard, æfteweard, from aft + ward]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


1. 'after'

After is usually a preposition. If something happens after a particular time or event, it happens during the period that follows that time or event.

Vineeta came in just after midnight.
We'll hear about everything after dinner.

You can say that someone does something after doing something else.

After leaving school he worked as an accountant.
After completing and signing the form, please return it to me.

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone is 'after' a particular age. You say that they are over that age.

She was well over fifty.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'after' to say that something is at the back of something else. The word you use is behind.

I've parked behind the school.
2. 'afterwards'

Afterwards is an adverb. If something happens afterwards, it happens after a particular event or time that has already been mentioned. You often use afterwards in expressions like not long afterwards, soon afterwards, and shortly afterwards.

She died soon afterwards.
Shortly afterwards her marriage broke up.
3. 'afterward'

Afterward is also sometimes used, especially in American English.

I left soon afterward.
Not long afterward, he made a trip from L.A. to San Jose.
4. 'later'

Later is an adverb. You use later to refer to a time or situation that follows the time when you are speaking.

I'll go and see her later.

A little, much, and not much can be used with later.

A little later, the lights went out.
I learned all this much later.

You can use after, afterwards, or later following a phrase that mentions a period of time, in order to say when something happens.

I met him five years after his wife's death.
She wrote about it six years afterwards.
Ten minutes later he left the house.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.afterwards - happening at a time subsequent to a reference timeafterwards - happening at a time subsequent to a reference time; "he apologized subsequently"; "he's going to the store but he'll be back here later"; "it didn't happen until afterward"; "two hours after that"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


adverb later, after, then, after that, subsequently, thereafter, following that, at a later date or time Shortly afterwards, police arrested four suspects.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
بَعْد ذَلِكَبَعْدَئِذ، فِيمَا بَعْد
eftir á, seinna
sau đó


[ˈɑːftərrdz] advaprès
soon afterwards, not long afterwards → peu de temps après
She left not long afterwards → Elle est partie peu de temps après.
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


advnachher; (= after that, after some event etc)danach; and afterwards we could go to a discound anschließend or nachher or danach gehen wir in eine Disko; can I have mine now? — no, afterwardskann ich meins jetzt haben? — nein, nachher; this was added afterwardsdas kam nachträglich dazu
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˈɑːftəwədz] advdopo, più tardi, in seguito
soon afterwards → poco dopo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈaːftə) preposition
1. later in time or place than. After the car came a bus.
2. following (often indicating repetition). one thing after another; night after night.
3. behind. Shut the door after you!
4. in search or pursuit of. He ran after the bus.
5. considering. After all I've done you'd think he'd thank me; It's sad to fail after all that work.
6. (American. in telling the time) past: It's a quarter after ten.
later in time or place. They arrived soon after.
later than the time when. After she died we moved house twice.
ˈaftermath (-mӕθ) noun
the situation etc resulting from an important, especially unpleasant, event. The country is still suffering from the aftermath of the war.
ˈafterthought noun
a later thought.
ˈafterwards adverb
later or after something else has happened or happens. He told me afterwards that he had not enjoyed the film.
after all
1. (used when giving a reason for doing something etc) taking everything into consideration. I won't invite him. After all, I don't really know him.
2. in spite of everything that has/had happened, been said etc. It turns out he went by plane after all.
be after
to be looking for something. What are you after?; The police are after him.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


بَعْد ذَلِكَ potom derefter nachher κατόπιν después jälkeenpäin après poslije successivamente 後で 나중에 naderhand etterpå potem posteriormente впоследствии efteråt หลังจากนั้น sonra sau đó 然后
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


adv. después, luego, más tarde.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
Eliot, in company with three others, whose names are not mentioned, having implored the divine blessing on the undertaking, made his first visit to the Indians on the 28th of October, 1646 at a place afterwards called Nonantum; a spot that has the honor of being the first on which a civilized and Christian settlement of Indians was effected within the English colonies of North America.
This is their way of living when they are in arms, but afterwards when they settle at home they breed up their children.
Remember there is One from whom you can conceal nothing, and before whose tribunal falshood will only aggravate your guilt." "Indeed, sir," says she, "I am not his mother; nor would I now think myself so for the world." "I know your reason," said Allworthy, "and shall rejoice as much as you to find it otherwise; yet you must remember, you yourself confest it before me." "So far what I confest," said she, "was true, that these hands conveyed the infant to your bed; conveyed it thither at the command of its mother; at her commands I afterwards owned it, and thought myself, by her generosity, nobly rewarded, both for my secrecy and my shame." "Who could this woman be?" said Allworthy.
He remembered how his brother, while at the university, and for a year afterwards, had, in spite of the jeers of his companions, lived like a monk, strictly observing all religious rites, services, and fasts, and avoiding every sort of pleasure, especially women.
"Sir," said Johnson afterwards, "It was a love-marriage on both sides." And there can be no doubt that Samuel loved his wife devotedly while she lived, and treasured her memory tenderly after her death.
This duke entered the Romagna with auxiliaries, taking there only French soldiers, and with them he captured Imola and Forli; but afterwards, such forces not appearing to him reliable, he turned to mercenaries, discerning less danger in them, and enlisted the Orsini and Vitelli; whom presently, on handling and finding them doubtful, unfaithful, and dangerous, he destroyed and turned to his own men.
Being out with a party shortly afterwards, he grew silent and gloomy, and lagged behind the rest as if he wished to leave them.
Then, to raise money to reach England, I had to borrow from a man named Da Souza, and afterwards, in London, to start the Company, I had to make him my partner in the profits of the concession.
I morbidly represented to myself that if Joe knew it, I never afterwards could see him at the fireside feeling his fair whisker, without thinking that he was meditating on it.
One old woman with a little boy, four or five years old, ran into a boat, but there was nobody to row it out: the boat was consequently dashed against an anchor and cut in twain; the old woman was drowned, but the child was picked up some hours afterwards clinging to the wreck.
However, the green limes that I gathered were not only pleasant to eat, but very wholesome; and I mixed their juice afterwards with water, which made it very wholesome, and very cool and refreshing.
they named captains and officers to draw us all up, and give the word of command, in case of an attack, and give every one their turn of command; nor was this forming us into order any more than what we afterwards found needful on the way.