aggravator


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ag·gra·vate

 (ăg′rə-vāt′)
tr.v. ag·gra·vat·ed, ag·gra·vat·ing, ag·gra·vates
1. To make worse or more troublesome: aggravate political tensions; aggravate a medical condition.
2. To annoy or exasperate: The child's whining aggravated me. See Synonyms at annoy.

[Latin aggravāre, aggravāt- : ad-, ad- + gravāre, to burden (from gravis, heavy; see gwerə- in Indo-European roots).]

ag′gra·vat′ing·ly adv.
ag′gra·va′tive adj.
ag′gra·va′tor n.
Usage Note: Aggravate comes from the Latin verb aggravāre, which meant "to make heavier," that is, "to add to the weight of." It also had the extended senses "to burden" or "to oppress." On the basis of this etymology, it is claimed by some that aggravate should not be used to mean "to irritate, annoy, rouse to anger." But such senses for the word date back to the 17th century and are pervasive. In our 2005 survey, 83 percent of the Usage Panel accepted this usage in the sentence: It's the endless wait for luggage that aggravates me the most about air travel. This was a significant increase from the 68 percent who accepted the same sentence in 1988.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aggravator - an unpleasant person who is annoying or exasperatingaggravator - an unpleasant person who is annoying or exasperating
disagreeable person, unpleasant person - a person who is not pleasant or agreeable
References in periodicals archive ?
Another possible aggravator to assessing habitat quality is that estimates of nesting density in Cooper's Hawks are often touted to comport with the untested suggestion that relatively high urban nesting densities are mostly the result of high volumes of prey birds in cities vs.
Due to mechanical irritation, occlusion, and maceration, obesity is a demonstrated contributing factor for HS, and therapy with lithium is also a marked aggravator (10, 11).
Hoecker found that in cases before the Arizona Supreme Court since 2006, 20 instances involved the aggravator in which someone was paid for a murder.
Norepinephrine as a potential aggravator of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm: two cases and argument for milrinone therapy.
This assumption is attributed to less shedding as hair is thought to be the main aggravator of allergy symptoms.
227, 234 (1999) ("If a given statute is unclear about treating such a fact as element or penalty aggravator, it makes sense to look at what other statutes have done, on the fair assumption that Congress is unlikely to intend any radical departures from past practice without making a point of saying so."); New Cingular Wireless PCS, LLC v.
The results of this study provide additional information to the consideration of families with high levels of adversity as precursors (not just antecedents) of greater risk for violent behavior in adolescence (LeBlanc, Swisher, Vitaro, & Tremblay, 2008), indicating that such behavior, in turn, is a potential aggravator of the negative family situation.
In other words, whereas quantity had previously been an aggravator (154) or a mitigator (155) to the presumptive sentence, now, the quantity involved in the offense may form the basis for the offense's classification.
The Exp [beta] for "one additional aggravator" is 3.439 (rounded to 3.4), which is also the odds ratio.
The evidence in this case is sufficient to sustain the murder convictions; the State proved the aggravator beyond a reasonable doubt; and Indiana's life without parole statute is not unconstitutional.
(280) The facts of Loving's crime clearly evidenced an intent to kill--he entered a taxi, placed a pistol to the driver's head, and shot the driver fatally after he was unable to produce money--but Loving contended that the lack of an intent requirement made the aggravator facially unconstitutional.