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n. pl. ag·nom·i·na (-nŏm′ə-nə)
An additional cognomen given to a Roman citizen, often in honor of military victories.

[Latin : ad-, ad- (influenced by agnōscere, to recognize) + nōmen, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -nomina (-ˈnɒmɪnə)
1. (Historical Terms) the fourth name or second cognomen occasionally acquired by an ancient Roman. See also cognomen, nomen, praenomen
2. another word for nickname
[C18: from Late Latin, from ad- in addition to + nōmen name]
agnominal adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ægˈnoʊ mən)

n., pl. -nom•i•na (-ˈnɒm ə nə)
1. an additional, fourth name given to a person by the ancient Romans in allusion to some achievement or other circumstance, as “Africanus” in “Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus.” Compare cognomen (def. 2).
2. a nickname.
[1745–55; < Late Latin, =ad- ad- + nōmen name]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


Ancient Rome. an additional name, usually given in honor of some signal achievement; hence, a nickname. — agnominal, adj.
See also: Names
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.agnomen - an additional name or an epithet appended to a name (as in `Ferdinand the Great')
name - a language unit by which a person or thing is known; "his name really is George Washington"; "those are two names for the same thing"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
We would not wish to mislead our readers in their conceptions of any of our characters, and we therefore feel it necessary to add that the adjective, in the preceding agnomen of Mr.
(The poet Ovid, whose 'Art of Love' and other works have survived, was Publius Ovidius Naso.) Very occasionally, a prominent Roman would be accorded a fourth name -an 'agnomen' -to honour a Turn to Page 18 From Page 17 particular achievement, such as a famous victory.
Ibn Al Qayyim Al Jawziyyah is the laqab (agnomen) of Shamsiddin Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Ayyub Ibn Abu Bakr Al ZuraACAyi, better known as Ibn Al Qayyim.