agnomen

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ag·no·men

 (ăg-nō′mən)
n. pl. ag·nom·i·na (-nŏm′ə-nə)
An additional cognomen given to a Roman citizen, often in honor of military victories.

[Latin : ad-, ad- (influenced by agnōscere, to recognize) + nōmen, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

agnomen

(æɡˈnəʊmɛn)
n, pl -nomina (-ˈnɒmɪnə)
1. (Historical Terms) the fourth name or second cognomen occasionally acquired by an ancient Roman. See also cognomen, nomen, praenomen
2. another word for nickname
[C18: from Late Latin, from ad- in addition to + nōmen name]
agnominal adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ag•no•men

(ægˈnoʊ mən)

n., pl. -nom•i•na (-ˈnɒm ə nə)
1. an additional, fourth name given to a person by the ancient Romans in allusion to some achievement or other circumstance, as “Africanus” in “Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus.” Compare cognomen (def. 2).
2. a nickname.
[1745–55; < Late Latin, =ad- ad- + nōmen name]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

agnomen

Ancient Rome. an additional name, usually given in honor of some signal achievement; hence, a nickname. — agnominal, adj.
See also: Names
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.agnomen - an additional name or an epithet appended to a name (as in `Ferdinand the Great')
name - a language unit by which a person or thing is known; "his name really is George Washington"; "those are two names for the same thing"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tolkien's lengthy string of rulers adopting agnomina mirrors the growing number of victory titles (some earned but many simply inherited) taken by Roman emperors after Caligula made his grandfather's title Germanicus part of his own name, an example of increasing military and personal pride of which Tolkien would have been well aware.
Military leaders have typically acquired such agnomina: from Scipio Africanus to Kitchener of Khartoum, Montgomery of Alamein, Mountbatten of Burma.(1) But the one that most vibrantly suggests Caius Martius of Corioles is Lawrence of Arabia.
Maximi of the appropriate time period are distinguished by their agnomina Aemilianus (cos.