agnomen

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ag·no·men

 (ăg-nō′mən)
n. pl. ag·nom·i·na (-nŏm′ə-nə)
An additional cognomen given to a Roman citizen, often in honor of military victories.

[Latin : ad-, ad- (influenced by agnōscere, to recognize) + nōmen, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots.]

agnomen

(æɡˈnəʊmɛn)
n, pl -nomina (-ˈnɒmɪnə)
1. (Historical Terms) the fourth name or second cognomen occasionally acquired by an ancient Roman. See also cognomen, nomen, praenomen
2. another word for nickname
[C18: from Late Latin, from ad- in addition to + nōmen name]
agnominal adj

ag•no•men

(ægˈnoʊ mən)

n., pl. -nom•i•na (-ˈnɒm ə nə)
1. an additional, fourth name given to a person by the ancient Romans in allusion to some achievement or other circumstance, as “Africanus” in “Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus.” Compare cognomen (def. 2).
2. a nickname.
[1745–55; < Late Latin, =ad- ad- + nōmen name]

agnomen

Ancient Rome. an additional name, usually given in honor of some signal achievement; hence, a nickname. — agnominal, adj.
See also: Names
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.agnomen - an additional name or an epithet appended to a name (as in `Ferdinand the Great')
name - a language unit by which a person or thing is known; "his name really is George Washington"; "those are two names for the same thing"
References in periodicals archive ?
Tolkien's lengthy string of rulers adopting agnomina mirrors the growing number of victory titles (some earned but many simply inherited) taken by Roman emperors after Caligula made his grandfather's title Germanicus part of his own name, an example of increasing military and personal pride of which Tolkien would have been well aware.
Maximi of the appropriate time period are distinguished by their agnomina Aemilianus (cos.