The Sagrada shoreline is ideal for growing mangrove species, such as bakawan lalaki (Rhizophora apiculata) and bakawan babae (Rhizophora mucronata), said Marisa Valencia, municipal agroforester
. Survival rate is almost 100 percent and the trees grow fast and tall in just 10 years, she said.
Lorenzo Lapitan Jr., an agroforester
from Indang, Cavite province, has realized the many benefits of kaong (sugar palm) other than to produce fruits commonly known as dessert ingredients.
The notion that shifting cultivation was a historical feature of traditional upland cultivation in West Java is strong among contemporary agroforesters
, agroecologists, and other scholars of agrarian environments in Indonesia and West Java (see, for example, Soemarwoto 1984).
This includes the company, employees, suppliers such as outgrower agroforesters
, associated industrial operations and customers, also at the impact for stakeholders, such as investors, communities, local and national governments impacted by these plantation forests and associated industrial activities.
prioritize nutrition, though--or select for any particular trait--and as farmers choose specific varieties to cultivate on farms, some researchers caution that the gene pool of a tree species as a whole may be at risk of declining.
In a further initiative over the past 20 years, agroforesters
have taken this strategy to a higher level by starting to domesticate some of the very wide range of forest tree species that have been the source of food and non- food products.
He dismisses the tidy old idea that Taiwanese Austronesians were the original people of Borneo and tries out conjectural linguistic and economic histories, raising, for example, the question of whether Borneo and other sections of Indonesia had significant Austroasiatic-speaking (agriculturalist?) populations as well as Austro-Melanesian agroforesters
. Kaskija does not discuss foxtail millet, Setaria italica, the cultivars of which were extraordinarily numerous among Semai of Malaysia in the mid-twentieth century, suggesting a crop more ancient than rice.
The lesson learned was that reforestation is possible, but it's far easier to protect than to recreate the multi-species diversity and community structure created by God or generations of traditional agroforesters
, however, have yet to use these technologies extensively (Ellis et al., 2000).
The volume is thought provoking material and a reference not only to agroforesters
, those working in agriculture and agricultural economics but also to other biologists interested in related issues.
60) in her analysis--issues that have been under-attended in natural resource contexts--and an important lesson for foresters, agroforesters
, and agriculturalists to keep in mind as new crops are introduced and encouraged.
They included anthropologists, lawyers, linguists, ethnomusicologists and agroforesters
. From the outset, the project aimed to build a solid, holistic base of social, economic and cultural knowledge for more effective community-based management of the national park and its immediate vicinity.