abrasion

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a·bra·sion

 (ə-brā′zhən)
n.
1. The process of wearing down or rubbing away by means of friction.
2.
a. A scraped or worn area.
b. A scraped area on the skin or on a mucous membrane, resulting from injury or irritation.

[Medieval Latin abrāsiō, abrāsiōn-, from Latin abrāsus, past participle of abrādere, to scrape off; see abrade.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

abrasion

(əˈbreɪʒən)
n
1. the process of scraping or wearing down by friction
2. a scraped area or spot; graze
3. (Physical Geography) geography the effect of mechanical erosion of rock, esp a river bed, by rock fragments scratching and scraping it; wearing down. Compare attrition4, corrasion
[C17: from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, from the past participle of Latin abrādere to abrade]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

a•bra•sion

(əˈbreɪ ʒən)

n.
1. a scraped spot or area; the result of rubbing or abrading: abrasions on his leg.
2. the act or process of abrading.
[1650–60; < Medieval Latin abrāsiō < Latin abrād(ere) (see abrade)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ab·ra·sion

(ə-brā′zhən)
1. The process of wearing away or rubbing down by means of friction.
2. A scraped area on the skin.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

abrasion

In photography, a scratch or mark produced mechanically on an emulsion surface or film base.
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. US Department of Defense 2005.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.abrasion - an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn offabrasion - an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
graze - a superficial abrasion
rope burn - abrasion (usually on the hands) caused by friction from a rope
wound, lesion - an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
2.abrasion - erosion by frictionabrasion - erosion by friction      
eating away, eroding, erosion, wearing, wearing away - (geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it)
3.abrasion - the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or iceabrasion - the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
rubbing, friction - the resistance encountered when one body is moved in contact with another
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

abrasion

noun
1. (Medical) graze, scratch, trauma (Pathology), scrape, scuff, chafe, surface injury He had severe abrasions to his right cheek.
2. rubbing, wear, scratching, scraping, grating, friction, scouring, attrition, corrosion, wearing down, erosion, scuffing, chafing, grinding down, wearing away, abrading The sole of the shoe should be designed to take constant abrasion.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
كَشْط ، خَدْش، حَكْ
абразия
odřenina
hudafskrabning
hiertymähiomapölyhiontakuluma
abrasionécorchuresurcreusement
skráma
abrazyvinisįdrėskimasnubrozdinimasšvitras
noberzumsnobrāzums

abrasion

[əˈbreɪʒən] N (= act, injury) → abrasión f, escoriación f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

abrasion

[əˈbreɪʒən] n
(on skin)écorchure f
(= friction) [metal, stone etc surfaces] → abrasion f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

abrasion

n (Med) → (Haut)abschürfung f; (Geol) → Abtragung f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

abrasion

[əˈbreɪʒn] nabrasione f; (injury) → escoriazione f, abrasione f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

abrasion

(əˈbreiʒən) noun
an injury caused by scraping or grazing the skin. minor abrasions.
aˈbrasive (-siv) adjective
tending to make surfaces rough when rubbed on to them. An abrasive material is unsuitable for cleaning baths.
noun
something used for scraping or rubbing a surface. Sandpaper is an abrasive.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

a·bra·sion

n. abrasión, excoriación, irritación o raspadura de las mucosas o de una superficie a causa de una fricción o de un trauma;
___ collarcírculo de ___, marca circular de pólvora que deja en la piel el disparo de un arma de fuego.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

abrasion

n abrasión f (form), raspadura
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Next, a drill, air abrasion instrument, or laser will be used to remove the decayed area.
A two-year clinical evaluation of pit and fissure sealants placed with and without air abrasion pretreatment in teenagers.
Protecting the gun with a scaffolded tent, he will use air abrasion cleaning to treat the metal, and remove all former paint work and corrosion.
A study done by Cigdem Celik et al in 2013 revealed that microtensile bond strengths of composite repair can be enhanced by surface treatment with air abrasion. The adhesives used can be etch and rinse and two-step self-etch adhesives.
Gradual grinding of the cusp and use of air abrasion allow us to follow the principles of minimally invasive dentistry in treating this anomaly.
It offers abrasive, air abrasion, dust confinement, micro etching, and tin plating equipment.
This results in preparing the surface for silanization and micromechanical retention, though there can be a loss in bond strength over a long term.27,29 And simple air abrasion can get the same initial bond strength.28,32 A combination between silica coating and primer application increased the bond strength between zirconia and resin cement but it wasn't sufficient after artificial aging like water storage and thermocycling (12000 cycles 5 [THORN]e/55 [THORN]e) even with the MDP containing system.
From the intraoral camera and high-powered microscopes, to single tooth anesthesia and air abrasion for maximum patient comfort, Dr.
Air abrasion of dental materials has the potential to remove a significant amount of material that can affect their clinical adaptation [13].
Digital X-ray imaging, treatment of decay with air abrasion, as well as treatment of decay and gum problems with dental lasers all make for more efficient as well as more comfortable treatments.