akaryote

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akaryote

(eɪˈkærɪəʊt)
n
(Biology) biology a cell without a nucleus
[from a-1 + karyo- + -ote as in zygote]
aˌkaryˈotic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.akaryote - a cell without a nucleus (as an erythrocyte)akaryote - a cell without a nucleus (as an erythrocyte)
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
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The method however could not be applied to akaryotic genomes, as these are subject to extensive lateral gene transfer, and until recently [55] was not extended to ToL reconstructions.
Finally, the Venn diagrams show that Eukarya-specific traits always outnumbered Bacteria-specific and Archaea-specific counterparts, suggesting either an expansive mode of evolutionary growth of eukaryotic repertoires or a reductive mode in akaryotic counterparts, or both (Figure 2).
Both Archaea and Bacteria are unicellular akaryotic microbes that generally lack a nucleus, mitochondria, and some membrane-bound organelles commonly found in the eukaryotic cells.