mutism

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Related to akinetic mutism: hemiballismus, Locked in Syndrome

mut·ism

 (myo͞o′tĭz′əm)
n.
The condition of being unable or unwilling to speak as a result of a physical or psychological disorder.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

mutism

(ˈmjuːtɪzəm)
n
1. the state of being mute
2. (Psychiatry) psychiatry
a. a refusal to speak although the mechanism of speech is not damaged
b. the lack of development of speech, due usually to early deafness
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

mut•ism

(ˈmyu tɪz əm)

n.
an inability to speak, due to a physical defect, conscious refusal, or psychogenic inhibition.
[1815–25]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

mutism

Psychiatry. a conscious or unconscious refusal to make verbal responses to questions, present in some mental disorders.
See also: Speech
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mutism - the condition of being unable or unwilling to speak; "her muteness was a consequence of her deafness"
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
deaf-muteness, deaf-mutism - congenital deafness that results in inability to speak
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

mutism

n (Psych) → Mutismus m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

mut·ism

n. mutismo, mudez.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

mutism

n mutismo, mudez f; selective — mutismo selectivo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Typical symptoms of bilateral paramedian thalamic infarction include vertical gaze palsy, memory impairment, akinetic mutism, confusion, drowsiness, hypersomnolence, and coma (3).
Akinetic mutism and coma vigil are sometimes considered to be types of stuporous catatonia, as occasionally are locked-in syndrome and abulia caused by anterior cingulate lesions.
Patients affected by CJD usually present with RPD, myoclonus, visual abnormalities, cerebellar dysfunction, pyramidal and extrapyramidal dysfunction, and akinetic mutism. DWI or fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI shows a hyperintense signal in the caudate nucleus and putamen or at least two cortical regions.
A probable diagnosis is established in the presence of rapidly progressive dementia and two of the following: akinetic mutism, myoclonus, visual/cerebellar signs, pyramidal/extrapyramidal signs; plus one of the tests: EEG with periodic sharp-wave complexes, positive 14-3-3, or MRI with high signal abnormalities in caudate/putamen on DWI or FLAIR; and with routine investigation not suggestive of alternative conditions (5).
Akinetic mutism is a known entity in patients in the final stages of CJD [32].
CJD can present with rapid cognitive decline, gait disturbance, and visual and behavioural disturbances and can progress to myoclonus and akinetic mutism [8, 10, 11, 13, 14].
Most patients decline rapidly to a state of akinetic mutism. The mean duration of illness is about 4.5 months, and 80% die within one year [3]" should be updated as follows.
Akinetic mutism is a clinical status from the bilateral lesion of nucleus caudatus or anterior cingulate gyrus.
Persons with locked-in syndrome (LIS), akinetic mutism (AM), and spinal cord injury (SCI) can also have very similar presentation making differential diagnosis complex.
(4) One-quarter of patients enter the third stage of illness marked by akinetic mutism, hypotonic areflexic paresis, central pyrexia, and eventual death.
(5.) Oomman A, Madhusudhanam M: "A case of unpaired anterior cerebral artery occlusion producing akinetic mutism." Neurol India, 47:157-8 NCBI (Internet), 1999.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria for probable sporadic CJD: Progressive dementia Two of the following neurologic symptoms: myoclonus, visual or cerebellar disturbances, pyramidal/exrapyramidal dysfunction, or akinetic mutism Atypical electroencephalogram during illness duration Positive 14-3-3 CSF assay Less than 2 years from presentation to death MRI with high signal abnormalities in caudate or putamen on DWI or FLAIR Routine investigations discards alternative diagnosis COC criteria for the identification of probable case of sCJD pending pathological diagnosis