alcohol dehydrogenase


Also found in: Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to alcohol dehydrogenase: Aldehyde dehydrogenase

alcohol dehydrogenase

n.
Any of a class of enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes or ketones.
References in periodicals archive ?
suzukii adults and larvae surviving exposure to ethanol after 24 h were collected and assayed for the activity of ADH and ALDH using Alcohol Dehydrogenase Activity Assay and Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Activity Colorimetric Assay Kits (Sigma-Aldrich, Munich, Germany).
Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH, EC 1.1.1.1) catalyzes the reversible oxidation of a wide variety of primary, secondary and cyclic alcohols to their corresponding aldehydes and ketones.
There is a common myth that many Asian people cannot handle alcohol because they lack sufficient alcohol dehydrogenase. In truth, the problem stems from the fact that they process alcohol a bit too quickly.
Isozyme analysis: In this study, polymorphism among parental lines of two F1 hybrids Shaktiman-1 [(CML 142 x CML 150) x CML186] and Shaktiman-2 (CML 176 x CML186) with respect to the esterase (EST), alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and acid phosphatase (ACP) was analyzed.
Excessive vitamin A toxicity in mice genetically deficient in either alcohol dehydrogenase Adh1 or Adh3.
Abbreviations ADH: Alcohol dehydrogenase Cr: Creatinine HD: Hemodialysis CHDF: Continuous hemodiafiltration ICU: Intensive care unit.
Edenberg, "The genetics of alcohol metabolism: role of alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase variants," Alcohol Research & Health, vol.
Moreover, a small amount of ethanol can be oxidized to acetaldehyde by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) classes I and IV [52, 55] in the stomach and intestine.
When ingested, both methanol and ethylene glycol undergo an initial biochemical reaction catalyzed by alcohol dehydrogenase (the same enzyme metabolizing ethanol), which converts the parent alcohol into formaldehyde and glycolaldehyde, respectively.
The main ethanol biotransformation reaction is catalysed by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and is performed in the cytoplasm, where this enzyme oxidises the ethanol producing acetaldehyde, which in turn is oxidized by the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) to acetate.
(7) Metronidazole did not have any inhibitory effect on hepatic or colonic alcohol dehydrogenase or aldehyde dehydrogenase.
Our findings show that the expression level of ethanol producing enzyme, alcohol dehydrogenase I (ADH1) was increased upon treatment of cells with UV radiation and screening in the presence of furfural (Table 1 and Fig.
Full browser ?