aldehyde


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Related to aldehyde: Aldehyde dehydrogenase

al·de·hyde

 (ăl′də-hīd′)
n.
Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds obtained by oxidation of primary alcohols, characterized by the common group CHO, and used in the manufacture of resins, dyes, and organic acids.

[German Aldehyd, from New Latin al. dehyd., abbr. for alcohol dehydrogenātum, dehydrogenized alcohol.]

aldehyde

(ˈældɪˌhaɪd)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) any organic compound containing the group -CHO. Aldehydes are oxidized to carboxylic acids and take part in many addition reactions
2. (Chemistry) (modifier) consisting of, containing, or concerned with the group -CHO: aldehyde group or radical.
[C19: from New Latin al(cohol) dehyd(rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol]
aldehydic adj

al•de•hyde

(ˈæl dəˌhaɪd)

n.
any of a class of organic compounds containing the group −CHO, which yields acids when oxidized and alcohols when reduced.
[1840–50; < New Latin al(cohol)dehyd(rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol]
al`de•hy′dic, adj.

al·de·hyde

(ăl′də-hīd′)
Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds containing the group CHO. Aldehydes are used in resins, dyes, and organic acids.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aldehyde - any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
ethanal trimer, paraldehyde - a colorless liquid (a cyclic trimer of acetaldehyde) that is used as a sedative and a solvent
acetaldehyde, ethanal - a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in the manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
formaldehyde, methanal - a colorless poisonous gas; made by the oxidation of methanol
furfural, furfuraldehyde - a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corncobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
glyceraldehyde, glyceric aldehyde - a sweet crystalline aldehyde formed by the breakdown of sugars
propanal, propionaldehyde - a colorless liquid aldehyde
acrolein, propenal - a pungent colorless unsaturated liquid aldehyde made from propene
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The role of alcohol dehydrogenase 2 and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 genotypes in alcohol-induced vasospastic angina.
Toxic aldehydes, such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acrolein, were at negligible levels in the starting liquids, Destaillats says.
They do not generate smoke as do conventional cigarettes but they do generate an aerosol - the vapour that alters indoor air quality and contains toxic aldehydes, said Daniel J.
For example: Aldehyde dehydrogenase is involved in breaking down aldehydes.
After technical drying, TVOC of fungal treated material decreased substantially due to the reduction of aldehyde emissions.
The investigators exposed cinnamic aldehyde to 158 F for up to 1 hour in a closed system.
Key words: Aldehyde oxidase; indole-3-acetic acid (IAA); methyl jasmonate; maize (Zea mays).
Increasing amounts of pre-fermentative S[O.sub.2] correlates with higher acetaldehyde production, since S[O.sub.2] inhibits aldehyde dehydrogenase, which converts acetaldehyde to etha-no1.
Kagawa et al., "Tissue-distribution of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 and effects of the ALDH2 gene-disruption on the expression of enzymes involved in alcohol metabolism," Frontiers in Bioscience, vol.
It is indicated that the function of aldehyde dehydrogenase and iron containing alcohol dehydrogenase of Pseudomonas putida GB-1, function as oxidization of QACs.
A mixture of pyrrole (2 mmol), aldehyde (1 mmol) and Sn[Cl.sub.2] x 2[H.sub.2]O (0.2 mmol) was crushed in a mortar with a pestle at room temperature.
Now, studies are underway to determine the activity of the aldehyde at lower concentrations.