, which is used to control potato cyst nematodes, is known to have a strong nematicidial activity against different species of plant-parasitic nematodes on a large number of crops and has given significant yield increases (Smith et al., 1991; Moens and Hendricx, 1998).
[ha.sup.-1] in 1994-1995, aldicarb
(2-methyl-2-methylsulfenylpropionaldehyde) at 450 g a.i.
Following an agreement under committee procedure, the Council is expected to adopt a Decision to ban the insecticide aldicarb
by dropping it from Annex I of Directive 91/414/EEC on the marketing of plant health products.
Laboratory analysis indicated that the product contained the carbamate pesticide aldicarb
(2-methyl-2-(methylthio)-propionaldehyde O-(methylcarbamoyl) oxime), which is not registered for use as a rodenticide in the United States.
Baliga, Repetto surveyed a broad range of scientific studies on the immunotoxicity of widely used pesticides-including organochlorines such as DDT, organophosphates such as malathion, and carbamates such as aldicarb
. Though most of the studies tested laboratory animals, a few looked at the suppression of immunity in wildlife-such as harbor seals that had eaten Baltic herring tainted with high concentrations of organochlorines (SN: 7/2/94, p.
The pesticide of greatest concern was aldicarb
; the most common VOCs were tetrachloroethene (PCE), trichloroethene (TCE), 1,1,1 trichloroethane (TCA), and 1,2 dichloropropane (DCP).
(2000) reported that non-fumigant nematicides can be easily and safely applied as compared to fumigants, which are most widely used such as carbofuran, aldicarb
, fenamiphos, fosthiazate cadusafos, oxamyl, ethoprop and organophosphate based nematicides.
A major 'culprit' is the carbamate pesticide aldicarb
, sold as 'rat poison' (variously named 'rat poison', 'rattex', 'two step', 'galephirime' or 'halethrini').
Comparison of the efficacy of ground wild cucumber fruits, aldicarb
and fenamiphos on suppression of the root-knot nematode in tomato.
The Greek Presidency has removed one item from the agenda, raising the hopes of those who are lobbying to extend authorisation for the use of the pesticide aldicarb
in the EU.
[2-methyl-2-(methylthio)propionaldehyde 0-(methylcarbamoyl)oxime]) was soil-applied at planting (1.2 kg [ha.sup.-1]) for early-season control.
Examples of these "false negatives" of interest included chlorpyrifos, which showed 91% similarity with its oxon metabolite; dichlorvos, which showed 83% similarity with its parent naled; and aldicarb
, which showed 88% similarity with the carbamate methomyl (see Supplemental Material, Table S1).