aliphatic


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to aliphatic: Aliphatic Compounds
click for a larger image
aliphatic
straight chain of carbon atoms of a propane molecule

al·i·phat·ic

 (ăl′ə-făt′ĭk)
adj.
Of, relating to, or designating a group of organic chemical compounds in which the carbon atoms are linked in open chains.

[From Greek aleiphar, aleiphat-, oil, from aleiphein, to anoint with oil; see leip- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

aliphatic

(ˌælɪˈfætɪk)
adj
(Chemistry) (of an organic compound) not aromatic, esp having an open chain structure, such as alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes
[C19: from Greek aleiphat-, aleiphar oil]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

al•i•phat•ic

(ˌæl əˈfæt ɪk)

adj.
pertaining to nonaromatic hydrocarbon compounds in which the constituent carbon atoms form open chains.
[1885–90; < Greek aleiphat-, s. of áleiphar oil, fat + -ic]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
click for a larger image
aliphatic
the straight chain of carbon atoms of a propane molecule

al·i·phat·ic

(ăl′ə-făt′ĭk)
Relating to organic compounds that do not contain a benzene ring; not aromatic. Alkanes are aliphatic compounds. Compare aromatic.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

aliphatic

Describes organic compounds composed of carbon atoms in straight or branched chains.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.aliphatic - having carbon atoms linked in open chains
open-chain, acyclic - having an open chain structure
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
aliphatisch
alifaattinen
aliphatique
alifatisk
alifatisk
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 27, 2019-: Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Market Is Projected To Grow At a Robust CAGR during the Forecast Period ( 2019 - 2023) : Exxon Mobil Corporation (the U.S), SK global chemical Co., Ltd.
[17] show the usage of aliphatic precursors in the form of Nylon-Salt-type monomers to synthesize polyimides under high pressure.
[USPRwire, Tue Dec 18 2018] Aliphatic amines are organic compounds that contain nitrogen atom with a lone pair of electrons.
[ClickPress, Mon Dec 03 2018] Aliphatic amines are organic compounds that contain nitrogen atom with a lone pair of electrons.
This difference in pyrolysis among the three [beta] resins was caused by the dissimilarity in their aromaticity index (Iar) and CH3/CH2 ratio; these factors significantly affect the aromaticity and number of aliphatic side chains in [beta] resin.
A newly developed aliphatic system has been designed to satisfy this need in all related markets.
This Contaminant Adhesion Mitigating Epoxy Composite Coatings for Aeronautic Environments is a copolymeric epoxy coating that is loaded with a fluorinated aliphatic chemical species and nano- to microscale particle fillers.
E4/E6 values depict its hydrophilic nature, having less aromatic and more aliphatic groups.
Due to its resistance to acids, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, fuels and ozone, 100% fluoroelastomer material is often specified in many general service industrial applications.
The company will serve as Vencorex's new distributor for Central Eastern Europe for its Tolonate[TM] and Easaqua[TM] ranges of aliphatic isocyanates, used in polyurethane applications.