alkali

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al·ka·li

 (ăl′kə-lī′)
n. pl. al·ka·lis or al·ka·lies
1. A carbonate or hydroxide of an alkali metal, the aqueous solution of which is bitter, slippery, caustic, and characteristically basic in reactions.
2. Any of various soluble mineral salts found in natural water and arid soils.
3. Alkali metal.
4. A substance having highly basic properties; a strong base.

[Middle English, alkaline substance from calcined plant ashes, from Medieval Latin, from Arabic al-qily, the ashes, lye, potash : al-, the + qily, ashes (from qalā, to fry, roast; see qly in Semitic roots).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

alkali

(ˈælkəˌlaɪ)
n, pl -lis or -lies
1. (Chemistry) chem a soluble base or a solution of a base
2. (Geological Science) a soluble mineral salt that occurs in arid soils and some natural waters
[C14: from Medieval Latin, from Arabic al-qili the ashes (of the plant saltwort)]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

al•ka•li

(ˈæl kəˌlaɪ)

n., pl. -lis, -lies,
adj. n.
1.
a. any of various bases, the hydroxides of the alkali metals and of ammonium, that neutralize acids to form salts and turn red litmus paper blue.
b. any of various other active bases, as calcium hydroxide.
2. a soluble mineral salt or a mixture of soluble salts, present in some soils, esp. in arid regions, and detrimental to the growing of most crops.
adj.
3. alkaline.
[1300–50; < Middle French alcali < dial. Arabic al-qalī, saltwort ashes]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

al·ka·li

(ăl′kə-lī′)
Plural alkalis or alkalies
A chemical that acts like a base and reacts strongly with acids, especially a hydroxide or carbonate of an alkali metal.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

alkali

A solution of a substance in water which has a pH of more than 7 and has an excess of hydroxyl ions in the solution.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.alkali - any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water; "bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"
pyridine - a toxic colorless flammable liquid organic base with a disagreeable odor; usually derived from coal
purine - a colorless crystalline organic base containing nitrogen; the parent compound of various biologically important substances
purine - any of several bases that are derivatives of purine
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
glyoxaline, imidazole, iminazole - an organic base C3H4N2; a histamine inhibitor
cyanuramide, melamine - a white crystalline organic base; used mainly in making melamine resins
pyrimidine - any of several basic compounds derived from pyrimidine
2.alkali - a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of wateralkali - a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of water; detrimental to agriculture
salt - a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
فِلِز قَلَوي
zásada
alkalibase
lúg
basi
šarmasšarminis
sārms
alkali

alkali

[ˈælkəlaɪ] N (alkalis, alkalies (pl)) → álcali m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

alkali

[ˈælkəlaɪ] nalcali m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

alkali

n pl <-(e)s> → Base f, → Lauge f; (metal, Agr) → Alkali nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

alkali

[ˈælkəlaɪ] nalcali m inv
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

alkali

(ˈӕlkəlai) noun
a substance, the opposite of acid, such as soda.
ˈalkaline (-lain) adjective
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in periodicals archive ?
Selenium toxicity is known as 'Degnala disease' in India and Pakistan, and 'Alkali disease' in USA.
Long-term selenium consumption can result in "alkali disease," which results in hair loss, deformation and sloughing of hooves, erosion of joints and bones, anemia, and heart, kidney, and liver problems.
Selenium poisoning (also known as alkali disease and blind staggers) affects all animals, including humans.