alkali

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al·ka·li

 (ăl′kə-lī′)
n. pl. al·ka·lis or al·ka·lies
1. A carbonate or hydroxide of an alkali metal, the aqueous solution of which is bitter, slippery, caustic, and characteristically basic in reactions.
2. Any of various soluble mineral salts found in natural water and arid soils.
3. Alkali metal.
4. A substance having highly basic properties; a strong base.

[Middle English, alkaline substance from calcined plant ashes, from Medieval Latin, from Arabic al-qily, the ashes, lye, potash : al-, the + qily, ashes (from qalā, to fry, roast; see qly in Semitic roots).]

alkali

(ˈælkəˌlaɪ)
n, pl -lis or -lies
1. (Chemistry) chem a soluble base or a solution of a base
2. (Geological Science) a soluble mineral salt that occurs in arid soils and some natural waters
[C14: from Medieval Latin, from Arabic al-qili the ashes (of the plant saltwort)]

al•ka•li

(ˈæl kəˌlaɪ)

n., pl. -lis, -lies,
adj. n.
1.
a. any of various bases, the hydroxides of the alkali metals and of ammonium, that neutralize acids to form salts and turn red litmus paper blue.
b. any of various other active bases, as calcium hydroxide.
2. a soluble mineral salt or a mixture of soluble salts, present in some soils, esp. in arid regions, and detrimental to the growing of most crops.
adj.
3. alkaline.
[1300–50; < Middle French alcali < dial. Arabic al-qalī, saltwort ashes]

al·ka·li

(ăl′kə-lī′)
Plural alkalis or alkalies
A chemical that acts like a base and reacts strongly with acids, especially a hydroxide or carbonate of an alkali metal.

alkali

A solution of a substance in water which has a pH of more than 7 and has an excess of hydroxyl ions in the solution.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.alkali - any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water; "bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"
pyridine - a toxic colorless flammable liquid organic base with a disagreeable odor; usually derived from coal
purine - a colorless crystalline organic base containing nitrogen; the parent compound of various biologically important substances
purine - any of several bases that are derivatives of purine
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
glyoxaline, imidazole, iminazole - an organic base C3H4N2; a histamine inhibitor
cyanuramide, melamine - a white crystalline organic base; used mainly in making melamine resins
pyrimidine - any of several basic compounds derived from pyrimidine
2.alkali - a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of wateralkali - a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of water; detrimental to agriculture
salt - a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)
Translations
فِلِز قَلَوي
zásada
alkalibase
lúg
basi
šarmasšarminis
sārms
alkali

alkali

[ˈælkəlaɪ] N (alkalis, alkalies (pl)) → álcali m

alkali

[ˈælkəlaɪ] nalcali m

alkali

n pl <-(e)s> → Base f, → Lauge f; (metal, Agr) → Alkali nt

alkali

[ˈælkəlaɪ] nalcali m inv

alkali

(ˈӕlkəlai) noun
a substance, the opposite of acid, such as soda.
ˈalkaline (-lain) adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
Indicators factored include the production of chlorine and other alkalies, pigments, plastic resins, and other selected basic industrial chemicals; chemical company stock data; hours worked in chemicals; publicly sourced chemical price information; end-use industry sales-to-inventories; and several broader leading economic measures like building permits and new orders.
Limited tenders are invited for Supply of Consumables (acid, alkalies and salts)
Resistance to most acids and alkalies is said to be very good.
It could also put off other proposed projects such as Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Ltd's 1,000 ton-per-day caustic soda and chlorine unit and GAIL India's 10-million-ton LNG plant and gas cracker with a capacity to annually produce one million tons of ethylene.
In Pakistan different brands of cement are available for construction, which may have varying amount of alkalies.
4 March 2016 - Israel-based fertiliser, metals, and chemical products maker ICL's (NYSE: ICL) (TASE: ICL) ICL Industrial Products segment has sold its US-based alkalies and chlorine maker Clearon Corp.
Luke retired nine years ago as a Gujarat cadre IAS official, he left with a reputation of having turning around state public sector undertakings ( PSUs), like Gujarat State Fertilizers and Chemicals ( GSFC), Gujarat Alkalies and the Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam.
The Lords Chloro Alkalies Plant, which has been non-functional since 2012, is expected to be reopened in 2014, which is expected to play a significant role in increasing volume production of chlor alkali chemicals in India.
Polymer wastes are also used for treating industrial waste water which contains salts, acids, alkalies and hard elements like magnesium calcium and rubidium.
Both the fine and coarse aggregates were declared harmless on the basis of mortar bar NBRI test (Stranger, 1961)[] and no maximum limit of alkalies in cement was specified.
Did you know the other most common ingredients in household cleaning products are alkalies and acids?
Did you know that the household cleaning products you buy at the supermarket contain alkalies and acids?