Despite a lack of data on the effect of NaHC[O.sub.3] therapy, many emergency physicians attempt to alkalinize
blood with intravenous (IV) NaHC[O.sub.3] administration as part of metabolic acidosis treatment.
visited a new urologist, who performed her first 24-hour urine collection and noticed that the patient's cystine concentrations remained high despite attempts to increase fluid intake and alkalinize
Hydrolysis of ammonia forms ammonium ions and hydroxyl ions, which alkalinize
the urine and decrease struvite solubility.
Substances that alkalinize
the body help to reduce microscopic clot formation.
In addition, the overuse of these compounds can be harmful for the environment, since their residues when discarded, alkalinize
the water causing death of several aquatic species (ARAUJO & ARAUJO, 2011; LIMA, 2008; PEDALE et al., 2012).
They clearly alkalinize
the posterior midgut lumen (Table 2), perhaps via secretion of bicarbonate ions into the lumen by the appendices' cells, which express high levels of carbonic anhydrase as found by chemical tests (Monteiro et al.
If the reversal agent fails to alkalinize
DV and promote exodus of [H.sup.+], then reversal of the resistance fails to proceed.
In one paper sodium citrate was used to alkalinize
the urine .
"Flavanols are bitter tasting, so to make cocoa more palatable, chocolate manufacturers roast, ferment, pulverize, and sometimes alkalinize
the beans or cocoa," says Kevin Monahan, a physiologist and associate professor of medicine at the Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey.
The vacuolar ATPase proton pump inhibitor Bafilomycin A1 (Sigma-Aldrich) has been shown to alkalinize
lysosomes and prevent lysosomalmembrane permeability and intrinsic apoptosis [18,19].
(2,11) Using bicarbonate to alkalinize
the urine is controversial, with no studies showing any benefit.
First is the effervescent system, which needs a gas generating agent that may alkalinize
the microenvironment of the stomach and whose buoyancy would be dependent on the gas generating agent, unlike the second which is a non-effervescent approach.