A typical grapheme-to-allophone rule in the Proteus standard words rule set has the following structure: left grapheme right allophone
context string context string $ /er/ -- [@r] = /n/ k [N]
For example, the apico-alveolar tap [r], though usually regarded as a rhotic, may function as an allophone
of apical stops (/t/ or /d/) in some languages (including American English), and sounds such as [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]] may well function as rhotic "liquids" in one language but as fricatives in another.
However, Quebec also receives Allophone
immigrants whose lack of French constitutes an obstacle to their integration and participation in the host society.
There are similarly maverick readings of Gandhi, Das Boot, Leolo and Highway 61, relating the issues of these films to Melnyk's own experiences as an allophone
other in his adopted land.
Those ESL students who do graduate from high school may continue to experience academic difficulties, according to Statistics Canada, which has found that it takes 14 years of residence in Canada before typical allophone
students achieve the national literacy mean for their age cohort.9 Immigrant students who graduate from high school may be unable to afford or reluctant to invest in postsecondary education.
The greatest impact of this decision was to continue to restrict allophone
children to French-speaking schools.
The term "allophone
" is also used to describe someone whose mother tongue is neither English nor French.
* Differences between phoneme, allophone
At the same time, as we talk of uniting more and more with women from other parts of the world, there are many francophone women who insist that we have to begin by uniting with women in Quebec, whether francophone, anglophone, or allophone
. It's not the first time we've said this, but it's becoming more and more pervasive."n
The east of Montreal is mostly Francophone and traditionally working class--currently with many unemployed on welfare--with a few Allophone
enclaves, while the west of Montreal is mostly Anglophone and Allophone
and generally less impoverished.
through the relatively straightforward remedy of judicial nullification."(65) Since Section 23 is restricted to Canadian citizens, English, French and allophone
(speakers of other languages) immigrant parents were, however, still required by Section 23 to send their children to French-language schools.
According to polls, 60 percent of Francophones voted for independence and 95 percent of Anglophones and Allophones--in the doublespeak of race and language in Quebec, "Allophone
," from the Greek root "Allos," the Other, is the euphemism for those whose mother tongue is neither French nor English--voted against.