effector

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Related to allosteric effector: Allosteric regulation

ef·fec·tor

 (ĭ-fĕk′tər)
n.
1. A muscle, gland, or organ capable of responding to a stimulus, especially a nerve impulse.
2. A nerve ending that carries impulses to a muscle, gland, or organ and activates muscle contraction or glandular secretion.
3. Biochemistry A small molecule or protein that alters biochemical processes in a cell, as by decreasing or increasing the activity of an enzyme.
4. Computers A device used to produce a desired change in an object in response to input.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

effector

(ɪˈfɛktə) or

effecter

n
(Physiology) physiol a nerve ending that terminates in a muscle or gland and provides neural stimulation causing contraction or secretion
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ef•fec•tor

(ɪˈfɛk tər)

n.
1. Also, effecter. a person or thing that effects something.
2.
a. an organ, cell, etc., that reacts to a nerve impulse, as a muscle by contracting or a gland by secreting.
b. the part of a nerve that conveys such an impulse.
[1595–1605; < Latin]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.effector - one who brings about a result or event; one who accomplishes a purpose
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
2.effector - a nerve fiber that terminates on a muscle or gland and stimulates contraction or secretion
nerve fiber, nerve fibre - a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
endplate, end-plate, motor end plate - the flattened end of a motor neuron that transmits neural impulses to a muscle
3.effector - an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
sense organ, sensory receptor, receptor - an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
effecteur

ef·fec·tor

n. efector, terminación nerviosa que produce un efecto eferente en una glándula de secreción o en una célula muscular.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Some feel that chloride shift may also control the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen through the chloride ion acting as an allosteric effector (reacts with a nonbinding site of an enzyme molecule or protein molecule and causes a change in the function of the molecule).
This procedure removes ~98% of 2,3-diphosphoglyceric acid, an allosteric effector for Hb [8].
Allosteric effectors are small molecules, or ions that can also bind specifically to the transport protein.