alluvium


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alluvium

a deposit of sand, mud, silt, or gravel formed by flowing
Not to be confused with:
alluvion – overflow; flood
eluvium – a deposit of soil, dust, or rock debris formed by the decomposition of rock
illuvium – the material accumulated through soil that has been leached out of another layer of soil

al·lu·vi·um

 (ə-lo͞o′vē-əm)
n. pl. al·lu·vi·ums or al·lu·vi·a (-vē-ə)
Sediment deposited by flowing water, as in a riverbed, flood plain, or delta. Also called alluvion.

[Medieval Latin, flood, from neuter of Latin alluvius, alluvial, from alluere, to wash against; see alluvion.]

alluvium

(əˈluːvɪəm)
n, pl -viums or -via (-vɪə)
(Geological Science) a fine-grained fertile soil consisting of mud, silt, and sand deposited by flowing water on flood plains, in river beds, and in estuaries
[C17: from Latin; see alluvion]

al•lu•vi•um

(əˈlu vi əm)

n., pl. -vi•ums, -vi•a (-vi ə)
1. a deposit of sand, mud, etc., formed by flowing water.
2. the sedimentary matter deposited thus within recent times, esp. in the valleys of large rivers.
[1655–65; < Latin, n. use of neuter of alluvius washed against]

al·lu·vi·um

(ə-lo͞o′vē-əm)
Sand, silt, mud, or other matter deposited by flowing water, as in a riverbed, floodplain, or delta.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.alluvium - clay or silt or gravel carried by rushing streams and deposited where the stream slows downalluvium - clay or silt or gravel carried by rushing streams and deposited where the stream slows down
delta - a low triangular area of alluvial deposits where a river divides before entering a larger body of water; "the Mississippi River delta"; "the Nile delta"
placer - an alluvial deposit that contains particles of some valuable mineral
sediment, deposit - matter that has been deposited by some natural process
alluvial soil - a fine-grained fertile soil deposited by water flowing over flood plains or in river beds
Translations

alluvium

[əˈluːvɪəm] N (alluviums, alluvia (pl)) → aluvión m, depósito m aluvial

alluvium

[əˈluːviəm] nalluvions fplall-weather [ˌɔːlˈwɛðər] modif [track, surface, pitch] → tous temps; [racing, hurdling] → tous temps; [tyres] → tous temps

alluvium

nAnschwemmung f

alluvium

[əˈluːvɪəm] nmateriale m alluvionale
References in classic literature ?
The foundation of their airy castles lay already before them in the strip of rich alluvium on the river bank, where the North Fork, sharply curving round the base of Devil's Spur, had for centuries swept the detritus of gulch and canyon.
Each wave of time contributes its alluvium, each race deposits its layer on the monument, each individual brings his stone.
It is, however, a remarkable coincidence, that in the two large islands cut off by the Beagle Channel from the rest of Tierra del Fuego, one has cliffs composed of matter that may be called stratified alluvium, which front similar ones on the opposite side of the channel, -- while the other is exclusively bordered by old crystalline rocks: in the former, called Navarin Island, both foxes and guanacos occur; but in the latter, Hoste Island, although similar in every respect, and only separated by a channel a little more than half a mile wide, I have the word of Jemmy Button for saying that neither of these animals are found.
Geological logging of the core indicates the same units were encountered as in the 2018 program, with minor alluvium above flat-lying, finely-laminated sediments.
Among their topics are (de)popularizing a Confucian master: Yusin and the birth of T'oegye studies, "my" sweet home in the next decade: the popular imagination of private home ownership during the Yusin period, dissident dreams: science fictional imaginations in 1970s South Korean literature and film, alluvium of dreams: the 1969 Master Plan and the development of Youido, and why performance in authoritarian Korea.
M2 EQUITYBITES-February 1, 2019-Augury Completes Acquisition of Computing Startup Alluvium
Rock formations range from Jurassic to recent alluvium deposits mostly limestone and shales.
The house was made with mud-bricks, Egyptian limestone, and Nile alluvium mixed with straw.
The geologic units of the study area are divided into three principal zones that include the Semail nappes (ophiolite), the Hawasina nappes, and the post-nappe strata units (Aruma Group and Tertiary bedrock and Quaternary alluvium) (Figure 1).
According to him, the Amrian cultural phase seems to have occupied the right bank of the Indus and there is possibility of many more sites buried under the alluvium or having been destroyed during construction of the highway and drain.
The radon levels in Marshall Formation overlain by glacial outwash sand and gravel and postglacial alluvium is 4.61 pCi/L, while the radon levels in Michigan Formation overlain by glacial outwash sand and gravel and postglacial alluvium is 3.81 pCi/L (Table 3).