alpha-fetoprotein


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Related to alpha-fetoprotein: carcinoembryonic antigen, Alpha-Fetoprotein Test

al·pha-fe·to·pro·tein

 (ăl′fə-fē′tō-prō′tēn, -tē-ĭn)
n. Abbr. AFP
A glycoprotein that is abundant in the blood plasma of human and other mammalian fetuses and is also present in the serum of people with certain diseases, such as liver cancer. Abnormal levels in maternal serum are associated with certain fetal abnormalities, including Down syndrome and spina bifida.

alpha-fetoprotein

(ˌælfəˌfiːtəʊˈprəʊtiːn)
n
(Biochemistry) a protein that forms in the liver of the human fetus. Excessive quantities in the amniotic fluid and maternal blood may indicate spina bifida in the fetus; low levels may point to Down's syndrome. Abbreviation: afp

al`pha-fe`to•pro′tein

(ˌfi toʊˈproʊ tin, -ti ɪn)

n.
a serum protein produced during pregnancy, useful in the prenatal diagnosis of multiple births or birth defects. Abbr.: AFP
[1970–75]
References in periodicals archive ?
Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein measurement: a screening test for Down syndrome.
Hereditary persistence of alpha-fetoprotein (HPAF P): review of the literature.
Level of alpha-fetoprotein predicts mortality among patients with hepatitis C-related hepatocellular carcinoma.
The tumor markers, when combined with detection of Ca125, Ca153 and alpha-fetoprotein is helpful for diagnosis of immature ovarian teratoma.
The serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) showed high values: 426.
Abbreviations: Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP), Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC), Microvascular Invasion (MVI), Receiver Operating Curve (ROC).
Report of the UK Collaborative Study on Alpha-Fetoprotein in Relation to Neural-Tube Defects.
Other common markers include alpha-fetoprotein, present in about 90 percent of testicular germ cell cancers, and lactate deyhdrogenase, an enzyme that can also be a sign of meningitis, HIV and acute pancreatitis if elevated levels are present.
Suspicion arises in case of unexplained elevation of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) (4).
Friedman says that if liver cancer is suspected, a blood test that detects a substance called alpha-fetoprotein can be conducted; this protein is produced by some, but not all, liver cancers.
ALPHA-fETOPROTEIN bLOOD TEST The alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) blood test is performed at around the 16th week of pregnancy to measure the level of AFP in the mother's blood.
Animals that received pre-treatment with saffron displayed a decrease in the elevation of gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, alanine aminotransferase and alpha-fetoprotein (GGT, ALT, aFP)-proteins, which indicate liver damage.