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1. Regardless of the fact that; even though: Although the room is big, it won't hold all that furniture.
2. But; however: He says he has a dog, although I've never seen it.

[Middle English : al, all; see all + though, though; see though.]
Usage Note: As conjunctions, although and though are generally interchangeable: Although (or though) she smiled, she was angry. Although usually occurs at the beginning of its clause (as in the preceding example), whereas though may occur elsewhere and is the more common term when used to link words or phrases, as in wiser though poorer. In certain constructions, however, only though is acceptable. When though introduces only a part of a clause rather than a whole clause, although is not possible: Most people in attendance applauded loudly after the performance, though (not although) not everyone. Another construction that requires though is the following: Fond though (not although) I am of sports, I'd rather not sit through another basketball game.


(subordinating) despite the fact that; even though: although she was ill, she worked hard.



in spite of the fact that; even though; though.
[1275–1325; Middle English al thogh all (adv.) even + though]


, though - Although and though are interchangeable as conjunctions, but to start a clause, use although.
See also related terms for interchangeable.


1. used as conjunctions

You use although or though to introduce a subordinate clause in which you mention something that contrasts with what you are saying in the main clause. Though is not used in very formal English.

I can't play the piano, although I took lessons for years.
It wasn't my decision, though I think I agree with it.

You can put even in front of though for emphasis.

She wore a coat, even though it was a very hot day.

Don't put 'even' in front of although.

Be Careful!
When a sentence begins with although or though, don't use 'but' or 'yet' to introduce the main clause. Don't say, for example, 'Although he was late, yet he stopped to buy a sandwich'. You say 'Although he was late, he stopped to buy a sandwich'.

Although he was English, he spoke fluent French.
Though he hadn't stopped working all day, he wasn't tired.

Be Careful!
Don't use although or though in front of a noun phrase. Don't say, for example, 'Although his hard work, he failed his exam'. You say 'In spite of his hard work, he failed his exam' or 'Despite his hard work, he failed his exam'.

In spite of poor health, my father was always cheerful.
Despite her confidence, Cindy was uncertain what to do next.
2. 'though' used as an adverb

Though is sometimes an adverb. You use it when you are making a statement that contrasts with what you have just said. You usually put though after the first phrase in the sentence.

Fortunately though, this is a story with a happy ending.
For Ryan, though, it was a busy year.

In conversation, you can also put though at the end of a sentence.

I can't stay. I'll have a coffee though.

Although is never an adverb.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:


conjunction though, while, even if, even though, whilst, albeit, despite the fact that, notwithstanding, even supposing, tho' (U.S. or poetic) Although the shooting has stopped, the destruction is enormous.
بِالرَّغْمِ مِنْ أَنَّمَع أن، بِالرُّغْمِ مِن أنمَعَ أَنَّ
selvomselv om
aunqueconsi bien
òó aî, enda òótt
...이지만비록~이긴 하지만
kaut ganlai arī
även om
mặc dù


[ɔːlˈðəʊ] CONJaunque
although it's raining, there are 20 people here alreadyaunque está lloviendo, ya hay aquí 20 personas
although poor, they were honestaunque eran pobres, eran honrados


[ɔːlˈðəʊ] conjbien que + subj
Although she's tired, she stayed up late.; She stayed up late although she's tired → Elle s'est couchée tard bien qu'elle soit fatiguée.


conjobwohl, obgleich; the house, although small …wenn das Haus auch klein ist …, obwohl das Haus klein ist …


[ɔːlˈðəʊ] conjbenché + sub, sebbene + sub


(oːlˈðəu) conjunction
in spite of the fact that. Although he hurried, the shop was closed when he got there.

although should not be followed by but: Although he is poor, he is honest (not Although he is poor but he is honest).


بِالرَّغْمِ مِنْ أَنَّ, مَعَ أَنَّ ačkoli, přestože selv om, selvom obwohl μολονότι, ωστόσο aunque vaikka bien que iako benché, sebbene ・・・とはいえ, ・・・にもかかわらず ...이지만, 비록~이긴 하지만 hoewel selv om chociaż, (po)mimo, że apesar, embora хотя även om แม้ว่า, ถึงแม้ว่า her ne kadar, rağmen mặc dù 虽然


conj. aunque, si bien, bien que.
References in classic literature ?
Although the oldest, Jo had the least self-control, and had hard times trying to curb the fiery spirit which was continually getting her into trouble.
For an hour the procession of grotesques passed before the eyes of the old man, and then, although it was a painful thing to do, he crept out of bed and began to write.
Although in a state of perfect repose, and apparently disregarding, with characteristic stoicism, the excitement and bustle around him, there was a sullen fierceness mingled with the quiet of the savage, that was likely to arrest the attention of much more experienced eyes than those which now scanned him, in unconcealed amazement.
We proceeded with all possible expedition until we came within fifteen miles of where Boonsborough now stands, and where we were fired upon by a party of Indians that killed two, and wounded two of our number; yet, although surprised and taken at a disadvantage, we stood our ground.
Even the saloon was deserted, although a back door in the dim recess seemed to creak mysteriously.
A natural spring of soft and pleasant water--a rare treasure on the sea-girt peninsula where the Puritan settlement was made--had early induced Matthew Maule to build a hut, shaggy with thatch, at this point, although somewhat too remote from what was then the centre of the village.
These whales I have known so large, that a man could hardly carry one upon his shoulders; and sometimes, for curiosity, they are brought in hampers to Lorbrulgrud; I saw one of them in a dish at the king's table, which passed for a rarity, but I did not observe he was fond of it; for I think, indeed, the bigness disgusted him, although I have seen one somewhat larger in Greenland.
Thus also, those ancient cities which, from being at first only villages, have become, in course of time, large towns, are usually but ill laid out compared with the regularity constructed towns which a professional architect has freely planned on an open plain; so that although the several buildings of the former may often equal or surpass in beauty those of the latter, yet when one observes their indiscriminate juxtaposition, there a large one and here a small, and the consequent crookedness and irregularity of the streets, one is disposed to allege that chance rather than any human will guided by reason must have led to such an arrangement.
And although the entertainment was fixed for twelve o'clock, an hour previous to that time the balcony was filled with impatient and expectant guests, consisting of the favored part of the crew of the Pharaon, and other personal friends of the bride-groom, the whole of whom had arrayed themselves in their choicest costumes, in order to do greater honor to the occasion.
Although a prince may rise from a private station in two ways, neither of which can be entirely attributed to fortune or genius, yet it is manifest to me that I must not be silent on them, although one could be more copiously treated when I discuss republics.
Although you are enduring pain and insult, although you, little nestling, are in agony of spirit, you actually tell me that it grieves you to disturb me, and that you will work off your debt to me with the labour of your own hands
But all of them, grown people and children, had a kind of familiarity with the Great Stone Face, although some possessed the gift of distinguishing this grand natural phenomenon more perfectly than many of their neighbors.