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1. Regardless of the fact that; even though: Although the room is big, it won't hold all that furniture.
2. But; however: He says he has a dog, although I've never seen it.

[Middle English : al, all; see all + though, though; see though.]
Usage Note: As conjunctions, although and though are generally interchangeable: Although (or though) she smiled, she was angry. Although usually occurs at the beginning of its clause (as in the preceding example), whereas though may occur elsewhere and is the more common term when used to link words or phrases, as in wiser though poorer. In certain constructions, however, only though is acceptable. When though introduces only a part of a clause rather than a whole clause, although is not possible: Most people in attendance applauded loudly after the performance, though (not although) not everyone. Another construction that requires though is the following: Fond though (not although) I am of sports, I'd rather not sit through another basketball game.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(subordinating) despite the fact that; even though: although she was ill, she worked hard.
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



in spite of the fact that; even though; though.
[1275–1325; Middle English al thogh all (adv.) even + though]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


, though - Although and though are interchangeable as conjunctions, but to start a clause, use although.
See also related terms for interchangeable.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. used as conjunctions

You use although or though to introduce a subordinate clause in which you mention something that contrasts with what you are saying in the main clause. Though is not used in very formal English.

I can't play the piano, although I took lessons for years.
It wasn't my decision, though I think I agree with it.

You can put even in front of though for emphasis.

She wore a coat, even though it was a very hot day.

Don't put 'even' in front of although.

Be Careful!
When a sentence begins with although or though, don't use 'but' or 'yet' to introduce the main clause. Don't say, for example, 'Although he was late, yet he stopped to buy a sandwich'. You say 'Although he was late, he stopped to buy a sandwich'.

Although he was English, he spoke fluent French.
Though he hadn't stopped working all day, he wasn't tired.

Be Careful!
Don't use although or though in front of a noun phrase. Don't say, for example, 'Although his hard work, he failed his exam'. You say 'In spite of his hard work, he failed his exam' or 'Despite his hard work, he failed his exam'.

In spite of poor health, my father was always cheerful.
Despite her confidence, Cindy was uncertain what to do next.
2. 'though' used as an adverb

Though is sometimes an adverb. You use it when you are making a statement that contrasts with what you have just said. You usually put though after the first phrase in the sentence.

Fortunately though, this is a story with a happy ending.
For Ryan, though, it was a busy year.

In conversation, you can also put though at the end of a sentence.

I can't stay. I'll have a coffee though.

Although is never an adverb.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:


conjunction though, while, even if, even though, whilst, albeit, despite the fact that, notwithstanding, even supposing, tho' (U.S. or poetic) Although the shooting has stopped, the destruction is enormous.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
بِالرَّغْمِ مِنْ أَنَّمَع أن، بِالرُّغْمِ مِن أنمَعَ أَنَّ
selvomselv om
aunqueconsi bien
òó aî, enda òótt
...이지만비록~이긴 하지만
kaut ganlai arī
även om
mặc dù


[ɔːlˈðəʊ] CONJaunque
although it's raining, there are 20 people here alreadyaunque está lloviendo, ya hay aquí 20 personas
although poor, they were honestaunque eran pobres, eran honrados
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ɔːlˈðəʊ] conjbien que + subj
Although she's tired, she stayed up late.; She stayed up late although she's tired → Elle s'est couchée tard bien qu'elle soit fatiguée.
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


conjobwohl, obgleich; the house, although small …wenn das Haus auch klein ist …, obwohl das Haus klein ist …
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ɔːlˈðəʊ] conjbenché + sub, sebbene + sub
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(oːlˈðəu) conjunction
in spite of the fact that. Although he hurried, the shop was closed when he got there.

although should not be followed by but: Although he is poor, he is honest (not Although he is poor but he is honest).
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


بِالرَّغْمِ مِنْ أَنَّ, مَعَ أَنَّ ačkoli, přestože selv om, selvom obwohl μολονότι, ωστόσο aunque vaikka bien que iako benché, sebbene ・・・とはいえ, ・・・にもかかわらず ...이지만, 비록~이긴 하지만 hoewel selv om chociaż, (po)mimo, że apesar, embora хотя även om แม้ว่า, ถึงแม้ว่า her ne kadar, rağmen mặc dù 虽然
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


conj. aunque, si bien, bien que.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in classic literature ?
Now, "Old Charley Goodfellow," although he had been in Rattleborough not longer than six months or thereabouts, and although nobody knew any thing about him before he came to settle in the neighborhood, had experienced no difficulty in the world in making the acquaintance of all the respectable people in the borough.
Thornbury, although she had asked them to tea, was nowhere to be seen.
But although Chaucer was a great poet, we know very little about his life.
In fact, she purposely avoided me, although her old manner to me had not changed: the same serene coolness was hers on meeting me -- a coolness that was mingled even with a spice of contempt and dislike.
It may be supposed that although the species are numerous, the individuals of each kind are few.
"I could mention innumerable instances which, although slight, marked the dispositions of these amiable cottagers.
Although a prince may rise from a private station in two ways, neither of which can be entirely attributed to fortune or genius, yet it is manifest to me that I must not be silent on them, although one could be more copiously treated when I discuss republics.
ALTHOUGH Julia spent most of her time with her aunt and cousin, opportunities for meditation were not wanting: in the retirement of her closet she perused and re-perused the frequent letters of her friend.
This added calamity nearly unmanned me; the recurrence of the complaint proved that without powerful remedial applications all hope of cure was futile; and when I reflected that just beyond the elevations, which bound me in, was the medical relief I needed, and that although so near, it was impossible for me to avail myself of it, the thought was misery.
Besides, I had ideas of many sensible and corporeal things; for although I might suppose that I was dreaming, and that all which I saw or imagined was false, I could not, nevertheless, deny that the ideas were in reality in my thoughts.
Although popularly everyone called a Circle is deemed a Circle, yet among the better educated Classes it is known that no Circle is really a Circle, but only a Polygon with a very large number of very small sides.
I cannot forget, that an intimate friend of mine in Lilliput, took the freedom in a warm day, when I had used a good deal of exercise, to complain of a strong smell about me, although I am as little faulty that way, as most of my sex: but I suppose his faculty of smelling was as nice with regard to me, as mine was to that of this people.