emphysema(redirected from alveolar emphysema)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
top: normal bronchiole and alveoli
bottom: diseased bronchiole with mucus, enlarged air sacs in the alveoli, and fewer capillaries
1. A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar walls.
2. An abnormal distension of body tissues caused by retention of air.
[Greek emphūsēma, inflation, from emphūsān, to blow in : en-, in; see en-2 + phūsān, to blow (from phūsa, bellows, bladder).]
em′phy·sem′a·tous (-sĕm′ə-təs, -sē′mə-, -zĕm′ə-, -zē′mə-) adj.
em′phy·se′mic adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Pathology) Also called: pulmonary emphysema a condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are grossly enlarged, causing breathlessness and wheezing
2. (Pathology) the abnormal presence of air in a tissue or part
[C17: from New Latin, from Greek emphusēma, a swelling up, from emphusan to inflate, from phusan to blow]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
em•phy•se•ma(ˌɛm fəˈsi mə, -ˈzi-)
1. a chronic disease of the lungs characterized by difficulty in breathing due to abnormal enlargement and loss of elasticity of the air spaces.
2. any abnormal distention of an organ or part of the body with air or other gas.
[1655–65; < New Latin < Greek emphysēma=emphȳsē-, variant s. of emphȳsân to blow up, inflate + -ma n. suffix of result]
em`phy•sem′a•tous (-ˈsɛm ə təs, -ˈsi mə-, -ˈzɛm ə-, -ˈzi mə-) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
A chronic disease in which the small air sacs of the lungs (called alveoli) become enlarged and eventually collapse, causing blockage to the flow of air. Symptoms include difficulty breathing and loss of physical endurance. Emphysema can be caused by excessive smoking.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
A disease in which the alveoli (tiny air sacs) of the lungs are damaged. Their separating walls are destroyed and the alveoli are enlarged. This leads to a decrease in the surface area available for gas exchange, and breathing becomes very difficult. The major cause of emphysema is tobacco smoking, but pollution and hereditary factors may also be involved.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||emphysema - an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age|
respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness - a disease affecting the respiratory system
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
emphysema[emfɪˈsiːmə] N → enfisema m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
emphysema[ˌɛmfɪˈsiːmə] n → emphysème m
to suffer from emphysema → avoir de l'emphysème
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
emphysema[ɛmfɪˈsiːmə] n (Med) → enfisema m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
n. enfisema, enfermedad crónica pulmonar en la cual los alvéolos pulmonares se distienden y los tejidos localizados entre los mismos se atrofian y dificultan el proceso respiratorio;
___ heart → corazón enfisematoso.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
emphyseman enfisema m
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.