The cases Reece (1975) studied targeted 11 rules of the NCAA, including amateurism
, and the so-called "foreign student" rule.
The former whole-heartedly adopted the desirable philosophy of self-help and did everything possible to evade government regulation, while the latter became convinced that amateurism
and no oversight would guarantee an economic crisis for the nation when the societies failed to produce the necessary money at payout times for an aging population.
The game in Wales was dying on its feet before Moffett arrived, it reeked of a festering rank amateurism
which at times looked as though it could never be ripped apart.
If the first race sounded the death knell of amateurism
, the second race struck one of the first notes of sport's future.
In the good old days of amateurism
, there are plenty of stories of players being paralysed by beer.
With growing popularity came the threat of death to the inspired amateurism
In apparent reference to successive failures of peacekeeping operations in regions such as Africa, the report states, ''It is necessary to invest in the future, to leave behind the days of 'gifted amateurism
,' so that the likelihood of peacekeeping success substantially increases.''
The present system by which they go off and form their own companies is wasteful of resources, dilutes the quality offered audiences, and often confuses amateurism
In recounting the histories of these associations, the author inquires into the debate over amateurism
and professionalism, the social construction of gender identity, the struggle of women to secure a more equitable place in competitive sport, and divergent bourgeois and working-class assumptions about sport's social purposes.
(3) Dubin saw many of the problems in high performance sport as stemming from movement away from the original ethos of the Olympic games and noted at various points throughout his report how closely the "changing concept of amateurism
is linked to many of the problems that now beset high-level sport ..." (4) The thrust of many of Dubin's recommendations was totally in line with the old amateur ideal.
The Council is established for the following areas: music and music-scene art, drama and dance arts and performing arts, book, publishing and bookstore activities, visual arts, cultural-artistic amateurism
, innovative art and cultural practices, international cultural
The RSNA adopted in emergency procedure the Law on Amendments to the Law on Salaries of Employees in the Ministry of Interior and the Law on Protection against Non-Ionizing Radiation, Radio Amateurism
and the Amendments of the Law on Local Self-Government.